The Reading / Listening - Flavonoids - Level 3

People around the world are living longer. This means there are more people who suffer from mental illnesses like dementia. Researchers have found that food can cut the chances of developing dementia. In particular, if people eat food that contains flavonoids, they could reduce their chances of getting dementia by a third. Flavonoids are chemicals that give fruit and vegetables their bright colours. They help increase the amount of oxygen going to the brain. They are in produce such as blueberries, oranges, peppers and strawberries. Researcher Dr Walter Willett from Harvard University said: "A colourful diet rich in flavonoids seems to be a good bet for promoting long-term brain health."

Dr Willett conducted a study of the eating habits and mental health of around 77,000 middle-aged people for 20 years. He discovered that people who ate more flavonoids were less likely to experience signs of cognitive decline later in their life. The researchers said people who ate more flavonoid-rich food were 38 per cent less likely to suffer from mental decline. Dr Willett said this meant people in their later years could feel up to four years younger with the right diet. He added: "Flavonoids are powerhouses when it comes to preventing your thinking skills from declining as you get older. Adding colour to your plate may lower the risk of cognitive decline."

Try the same news story at these easier levels:

    Flavonoids - Level 0 Flavonoids - Level 1   or  Flavonoids - Level 2

Sources
  • https://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/colorful-fruit-and-veg-may-reduce-risk-of-cognitive-decline#Subjective-cognitive-decline
  • https://edition.cnn.com/2021/07/28/health/flavonoid-cognitive-decline-study-wellness/index.html
  • https://www.mirror.co.uk/news/uk-news/healthy-diet-could-cut-risk-24638889


Make sure you try all of the online activities for this reading and listening - There are dictations, multiple choice activities, drag and drop activities, sentence jumbles, which word activities, text reconstructions, spelling, gap fills and a whole lot more. Please enjoy :-)





Warm-ups

1. FLAVONOIDS: Students walk around the class and talk to other students about flavonoids. Change partners often and share your findings.
2. CHAT: In pairs / groups, talk about these topics or words from the article. What will the article say about them? What can you say about these words and your life?
       people / the world / mental illness / dementia / chemicals / fruit / vegetables / brain /
       study / eating habits / cognitive decline / diet / powerhouse / thinking skills / colour
Have a chat about the topics you liked. Change topics and partners frequently.
3. MENTAL HEALTH: Students A strongly believe all children should learn about mental health at schools; Students B strongly believe the opposite. Change partners again and talk about your conversations.
4. HEALTH BENEFITS: What are the health benefits of these foods? How can we add them more to our diet? Complete this table with your partner(s). Change partners often and share what you wrote.

 

Benefits

Adding Them to Our Diet

Strawberries

 

 

Chocolate

 

 

Spinach

 

 

Salmon

 

 

Garlic

 

 

Walnuts

 

 

MY e-BOOK
ESL resource book with copiable worksheets and handouts - 1,000 Ideas and Activities for Language Teachers / English teachers
See a sample

5. STRAWBERRIES: Spend one minute writing down all of the different words you associate with the word "strawberries". Share your words with your partner(s) and talk about them. Together, put the words into different categories.
6. FRUIT & VEG: Rank these with your partner. Put the best fruit and veg at the top. Change partners often and share your rankings.

  • Strawberries
  • Onions
  • Cabbage
  • Avocado
  • Tomatoes
  • Garlic
  • Bananas
  • Spinach

 

Vocabulary

    Paragraph 1

      1. suffer a. The kinds of food that a person, animal, or community habitually eats.
      2. illness b. Starting to get a disease or illness.
      3. developing c. How much of something.
      4. reduce d. Experience something bad or unpleasant.
      5. amount e. O2
      6. oxygen f. A disease or period of sickness affecting the body or mind.
      7. diet g. Make smaller or lower.

    Paragraph 2

      8. conducted h. Encounter or undergo an event or happening.
      9. habit i. A regular way of doing something, especially one that is hard to stop doing or give up.
      10. likely j. Stopping something from happening.
      11. experience k. Did; carried out.
      12. cognitive l. Relating to mental actions or processes.
      13. decline m. Such as well might happen or be true; probable.
      14. preventing n. A gradual and continuous loss of strength, numbers, quality, or value.

 

Before reading / listening

1. TRUE / FALSE: Read the headline. Guess if 1-8 below are true (T) or false (F).

  1. The article says people around the world are dying younger.     T / F
  2. Researchers said dementia makes people want to eat more fruit.     T / F
  3. Flavonoids give colour to fruit and vegetables.     T / F
  4. Flavonoids help the brain to get oxygen.     T / F
  5. Researchers looked at the eating habits of over 100,000 people.     T / F
  6. Flavonoids could cut the chances of mental decline by 38%.     T / F
  7. Flavonoids could make you feel up to four years younger.     T / F
  8. A colourful plate of food could cut the chances of cognitive decline.     T / F

2. SYNONYM MATCH: Match the following synonyms from the article.

  1. world
  2. dementia
  3. reduce
  4. amount
  5. promoting
  6. conducted
  7. discovered
  8. suffer
  9. right
  10. risk
  1. developing
  2. cut
  3. carried out
  4. correct
  5. mental illness
  6. experience
  7. globe
  8. chances
  9. quantity
  10. found

3. PHRASE MATCH: (Sometimes more than one choice is possible.)

  1. People around the world are living
  2. reduce their chances of getting
  3. chemicals that give fruit and vegetables
  4. increase the amount of oxygen
  5. promoting long-
  6. a study of the eating habits
  7. less likely to experience signs
  8. later in
  9. feel up to
  10. Adding colour to your plate may
  1. their bright colours
  2. four years younger
  3. term brain health
  4. of cognitive decline
  5. their life
  6. longer
  7. going to the brain
  8. lower the risk
  9. dementia by a third
  10. and mental health

Gap fill

Put these words into the spaces in the paragraph below.
reduce
peppers
brain
means
bright
chances
diet
amount

People around the world are living longer. This (1) _________________ there are more people who suffer from mental illnesses like dementia. Researchers have found that food can cut the (2) _____________________ of developing dementia. In particular, if people eat food that contains flavonoids, they could (3) _____________________ their chances of getting dementia by a third. Flavonoids are chemicals that give fruit and vegetables their (4) _____________________ colours. They help increase the (5) _____________________ of oxygen going to the brain. They are in produce such as blueberries, oranges, (6) _____________________ and strawberries. Researcher Dr Walter Willett from Harvard University said: "A colourful (7) _____________________ rich in flavonoids seems to be a good bet for promoting long-term (8) _____________________ health."

Put these words into the spaces in the paragraph below.
likely
suffer
risk
middle
skills
mental
decline
right

Dr Willett conducted a study of the eating habits and (9) _____________________ health of around 77,000 (10) _____________________ -aged people for 20 years. He discovered that people who ate more flavonoids were less (11) _____________________ to experience signs of cognitive (12) _____________________ later in their life. The researchers said people who ate more flavonoid-rich food were 38 per cent less likely to (13) _____________________ from mental decline. Dr Willett said this meant people in their later years could feel up to four years younger with the (14) _____________________ diet. He added: "Flavonoids are powerhouses when it comes to preventing your thinking (15) _____________________ from declining as you get older. Adding colour to your plate may lower the (16) _____________________ of cognitive decline."

Listening — Guess the answers. Listen to check.

1) People around the world are living longer. This means there are more ______
     a.  people who surfer
     b.  people whose a far
     c.  people who's afar
     d.  people who suffer
2)  Researchers have found that food can cut the ______ dementia
     a.  chance is of developing
     b.  chance is off developing
     c.  chance soft developing
     d.  chances of developing
3)  if people eat food that contains flavonoids, they could ______
     a.  deduce their chances
     b.  rid deuce their chances
     c.  red deuce their chances
     d.  reduce their chances
4)  fruit and vegetables their bright colours. They help increase the ______
     a.  amount oft oxygen
     b.  amount off oxygen
     c.  amount toff oxygen
     d.  amount of oxygen
5)  flavonoids seems to be a good bet for promoting long-______
     a.  tame brain health
     b.  tram brain health
     c.  term brain health
     d.  team brain health

6)  Dr Willett conducted a study of the eating ______ health
     a.  habit sand metal
     b.  habits and mental
     c.  herb bits and mental
     d.  ha bits and metal
7)  people who ate more flavonoids were less likely to experience signs ______
     a.  of cog native decline
     b.  of cog nit tiff decline
     c.  of cog nit if decline
     d.  of cognitive decline
8)  people who ate more flavonoid-rich food were 38 per cent less ______
     a.  liked to suffer
     b.  like lean to suffer
     c.  likely to suffer
     d.  lie key to suffer
9)  people in their later years could feel up to four years younger with ______
     a.  the right die it
     b.  the right die at
     c.  the right diet
     d.  the right died
10)  declining as you get older. Adding colour to your plate may ______
     a.  lower the risk
     b.  low all the risk
     c.  low where the risk
     d.  lower there risk

Listening — Listen and fill in the gaps

People around the world (1) ____________________. This means there are more people who suffer from mental illnesses like dementia. Researchers have found that food can (2) ____________________ of developing dementia. In particular, if people eat food that contains flavonoids, they could reduce their chances of getting dementia (3) ____________________. Flavonoids are chemicals that give fruit and vegetables their bright colours. They help increase the (4) ____________________ going to the brain. They are in produce such as blueberries, (5) ____________________ strawberries. Researcher Dr Walter Willett from Harvard University said: "A colourful diet rich in flavonoids seems to be a good bet (6) ____________________-term brain health."

Dr Willett conducted a study of the (7) ____________________ mental health of around 77,000 middle-aged people for 20 years. He discovered that people who ate more flavonoids were (8) ____________________ experience signs of cognitive (9) ____________________ their life. The researchers said people who ate more flavonoid-rich food were 38 per cent (10) ____________________ suffer from mental decline. Dr Willett said this meant people (11) ____________________ years could feel up to four years younger with the right diet. He added: "Flavonoids are powerhouses when it comes to preventing your thinking skills from declining as you get older. Adding colour to your plate may (12) ____________________ of cognitive decline."

Comprehension questions

  1. Who does the article say are living longer?
  2. What do flavonoids give to fruit and vegetables?
  3. What do flavonoids increase the amount of in the brain?
  4. What food was mentioned besides blueberries, oranges and strawberries?
  5. What can a colourful diet rich in flavonoids promote?
  6. How many people did researchers look at in the study?
  7. When might we be less likely to experience signs of cognitive decline?
  8. By how much might flavonoid-rich food cut the risk of mental decline?
  9. How much younger might flavonoids make you feel?
  10. What did a researcher say could be added to your plate?




Multiple choice quiz

1) Who does the article say are living longer?
a) researchers
b) strawberry farmers
c) people around the world
d) old people
2) What do flavonoids give to fruit and vegetables?
a) colour
b) flavour
c) hope
d) a bitter taste
3) What do flavonoids increase the amount of in the brain?
a) colour
b) oxygen
c) fibre
d) iron
4) What food was mentioned besides blueberries, oranges and strawberries?
a) chocolate smoothie
b) bananas
c) beef steak
d) peppers
5) What can a colourful diet rich in flavonoids promote?
a) painting
b) taste
c) long-term brain health
d) meat dishes

6) How many people did researchers look at in the study?
a) exactly 77,000
b) around 77,000
c) more than 77,000
d) fewer than 77,000
7) When might we be less likely to experience signs of cognitive decline?
a) from the age of 72
b) after eating a strawberry
c) when becoming vegetarian
d) later in life
8) By how much might flavonoid-rich food cut the risk of mental decline?
a) 33%
b) 38%
c) 33.33%
d) 35%
9) How much younger might flavonoids make you feel?
a) years younger
b) up to four years younger
c) a lot younger
d) the number of strawberries you eat times 127
10) What did a researcher say could be added to your plate?
a) colour
b) spinach
c) flavour
d) sauce

Role play

Role  A – Strawberries
You think strawberries are the best. Tell the others three reasons why. Tell them what is wrong with their fruit and veg. Also, tell the others which is the worst of these (and why): onions, bananas or spinach.

Role  B – Onions
You think onions are the best. Tell the others three reasons why. Tell them what is wrong with their fruit and veg. Also, tell the others which is the worst of these (and why): strawberries, bananas or spinach.

Role  C – Bananas
You think bananas are the best. Tell the others three reasons why. Tell them what is wrong with their fruit and veg. Also, tell the others which is the worst of these (and why): onions, strawberries or spinach.

Role  D – Spinach
You think spinach is the best. Tell the others three reasons why. Tell them what is wrong with their fruit and veg. Also, tell the others which is the worst of these (and why): onions, bananas or strawberries.

After reading / listening

1. WORD SEARCH: Look in your dictionary / computer to find collocates, other meanings, information, synonyms … for the words...

'fruit'

  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • and 'vegetables'.

  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • • Share your findings with your partners.

    • Make questions using the words you found.

    • Ask your partner / group your questions.

    2. ARTICLE QUESTIONS: Look back at the article and write down some questions you would like to ask the class about the text.

    •Share your questions with other classmates / groups. •Ask your partner / group your questions.

    3. GAP FILL: In pairs / groups, compare your answers to this exercise. Check your answers. Talk about the words from the activity. Were they new, interesting, worth learning…?

    4. VOCABULARY: Circle any words you do not understand. In groups, pool unknown words and use dictionaries to find their meanings.

    5. TEST EACH OTHER: Look at the words below. With your partner, try to recall how they were used in the text:

    • world
    • chances
    • third
    • oxygen
    • produce
    • long
    • study
    • ate
    • later
    • 38
    • four
    • plate

    Student survey

    Write five GOOD questions about this topic in the table. Do this in pairs. Each student must write the questions on his / her own paper. When you have finished, interview other students. Write down their answers.

    (Please look at page 12 of the PDF to see a photocopiable example of this activity.)

    Discussion - Flavonoids

    STUDENT A’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student B)

    1. What did you think when you read the headline?
    2. What images are in your mind when you hear the word 'risk'?
    3. Why are people living longer?
    4. How long do you want to live?
    5. How healthy is the food you eat every day?
    6. Would you like to eat more fruit and vegetables?
    7. What do you know about dementia?
    8. Should young people eat to live long lives?
    9. Why is all the yummy food so unhealthy?
    10. What do you do for your brain health?

    STUDENT B’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student A)

    1. Did you like reading this article? Why/not?
    2. What do you think of when you hear the word 'dementia'?
    3. What do you think about what you read?
    4. What are your eating habits like?
    5. How worried are you about cognitive decline?
    6. Do you think you should change your diet?
    7. What are your thinking skills like?
    8. What are your worries about old age?
    9. Should everyone's plate be full of colourful food?
    10. What questions would you like to ask the researchers?

    Discussion — Write your own questions

    STUDENT A’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student B)

    (a) ________________

    (b) ________________

    (c) ________________

    (d) ________________

    (e) ________________

    STUDENT B’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student A)

    (f) ________________

    (g) ________________

    (h) ________________

    (i) ________________

    (j) ________________

    Language — Cloze (Gap-fill)

    People around the world are living (1) ____. This means there are more people who suffer from mental illnesses like dementia. Researchers have found that food can (2) ____ the chances of developing dementia. In particular, if people eat food that (3) ____ flavonoids, they could reduce their chances of getting dementia by a third. Flavonoids are chemicals that give fruit and vegetables their (4) ____ colours. They help increase the amount of oxygen going to the brain. They are in (5) ____ such as blueberries, oranges, peppers and strawberries. Researcher Dr Walter Willett from Harvard University said: "A colourful diet rich (6) ____ flavonoids seems to be a good bet for promoting long-term brain health."

    Dr Willett conducted a study of the eating habits and mental health of (7) ____ 77,000 middle-aged people for 20 years. He discovered that people who ate more flavonoids were (8) ____ likely to experience signs of cognitive decline later in their life. The researchers said people who ate more flavonoid-rich food were 38 per cent less likely (9) ____ suffer from mental decline. Dr Willett said this meant people in their later years could feel (10) ____ to four years younger with the right diet. He added: "Flavonoids are powerhouses when it comes to (11) ____ your thinking skills from declining as you get older. Adding colour to your plate may lower the (12) ____ of cognitive decline."

    Which of these words go in the above text?

    (a)     lengthen     (b)     longing     (c)     longer     (d)     longs    
    (a)     cut     (b)     dice     (c)     slice     (d)     sever    
    (a)     contains     (b)     contents     (c)     certainties     (d)     creations    
    (a)     bright     (b)     blight     (c)     bight     (d)     bite    
    (a)     create     (b)     produce     (c)     maker     (d)     manufacture    
    (a)     by     (b)     at     (c)     on     (d)     in    
    (a)     abound     (b)     roundly     (c)     around     (d)     rounding    
    (a)     bit     (b)     lowly     (c)     few     (d)     less    
    (a)     to     (b)     of     (c)     for     (d)     by    
    (a)     up     (b)     down     (c)     along     (d)     through    
    (a)     prevention     (b)     preventing     (c)     prevents     (d)     preventable    
    (a)     risky     (b)     risked     (c)     risk     (d)     risqué

    Spelling

    Paragraph 1

    1. people who frsefu from mental illnesses
    2. cut the chances of vedglpnoei dementia
    3. Flavonoids are siecaclmh
    4. the amount of xeogny going to the brain
    5. oranges, rpeppes and strawberries
    6. tomrnopig long-term brain health

    Paragraph 2

    1. Dr Willett tuoddencc a study
    2. less yllkei to
    3. suffer from nmleat ...
    4. with the right iedt
    5. rvtnigenep your thinking skills
    6. lower the risk of cognitive cleinde

    Put the text back together

    (...)  of oxygen going to the brain. They are in produce such as blueberries, oranges,
    (...)  like dementia. Researchers have found that food can cut the chances of developing dementia. In
    (...)  diet rich in flavonoids seems to be a good bet for promoting long-term brain health."
    (...)  38 per cent less likely to suffer from mental decline. Dr Willett said this meant people in their later
    (...)  likely to experience signs of cognitive decline later in their life. The researchers said people who ate more flavonoid-rich food were
    (...)  are powerhouses when it comes to preventing your thinking skills from declining as
    (...)  peppers and strawberries. Researcher Dr Walter Willett from Harvard University said: "A colourful
    (...)  you get older. Adding colour to your plate may lower the risk of cognitive decline."
    1  ) People around the world are living longer. This means there are more people who suffer from mental illnesses
    (...)  Dr Willett conducted a study of the eating habits and mental health of around 77,000 middle-
    (...)  aged people for 20 years. He discovered that people who ate more flavonoids were less
    (...)  years could feel up to four years younger with the right diet. He added: "Flavonoids
    (...)  third. Flavonoids are chemicals that give fruit and vegetables their bright colours. They help increase the amount
    (...)  particular, if people eat food that contains flavonoids, they could reduce their chances of getting dementia by a

    Put the words in the right order

    1. are   longer   .   living   world   People   the   around
    2. of   dementia   .   the   cut   chances   developing   can   Food
    3. dementia   Reduce   a   of   third   .   getting   by   chances
    4. the   amount   of   to   brain   .   oxygen   The   going
    5. brain   long-term   A   good   bet   promoting   for   health   .
    6. around   77,000   mental   The   middle-aged   of   health   people   .
    7. of   signs   later   decline   Experience   life   .   in   cognitive
    8. younger   .   four   feel   could   to   People   years   up
    9. thinking   Preventing   declining   from   age   .   skills   with
    10. may   plate   Adding   to   colour   lower   risks   .   your

    Circle the correct word (20 pairs)

    People around the world are living lengthier / longer. This means there are more people who suffer from mental illnesses like / such dementia. Researchers have found that food can wield / cut the chances of developing dementia. In particular, if people eat food that contents / contains flavonoids, they could reduce their chances of get / getting dementia by a third. Flavonoids are chemicals that give fruit and vegetables their bright / blight colours. They help increase the amount of oxygen going at / to the brain. They are in produce such for / as blueberries, oranges, peppers and strawberries. Researcher Dr Walter Willett from Harvard University said: "A colourful diet wealth / rich in flavonoids seems to be a good bet for promoting long-term brain health / healthy."

    Dr Willett conducted a study of / to the eating habits and mental health of around 77,000 middle-aged people for 20 years. He discovered / finding that people who ate more flavonoids were less likely / liked to experience signs of cognitive decline later in / on their life. The researchers said people who ate more flavonoid-rich food were 38 per cent less likely to suffer on / from mental decline. Dr Willett said this meaning / meant people in their later years could feel up / down to four years younger with the right diet. He added: "Flavonoids are powerhouses when it goes / comes to preventing your thinking skills from reclining / declining as you get older. Adding colour to your plate may lower the risk / risky of cognitive decline."

    Talk about the connection between each pair of words in italics, and why the correct word is correct.

    Insert the vowels (a, e, i, o, u)

    P__pl_  _r__nd  th_  w_rld  _r_  l_v_ng  l_ng_r.  Th_s  m__ns  th_r_  _r_  m_r_  p__pl_  wh_  s_ff_r  fr_m  m_nt_l  _lln_ss_s  l_k_  d_m_nt__.  R_s__rch_rs  h_v_  f__nd  th_t  f__d  c_n  c_t  th_  ch_nc_s  _f  d_v_l_p_ng  d_m_nt__.  _n  p_rt_c_l_r,  _f  p__pl_  __t  f__d  th_t  c_nt__ns  fl_v_n__ds,  th_y  c__ld  r_d_c_  th__r  ch_nc_s  _f  g_tt_ng  d_m_nt__  by  _  th_rd.  Fl_v_n__ds  _r_  ch_m_c_ls  th_t  g_v_  fr__t  _nd  v_g_t_bl_s  th__r  br_ght  c_l__rs.  Th_y  h_lp  _ncr__s_  th_  _m__nt  _f  _xyg_n  g__ng  t_  th_  br__n.  Th_y  _r_  _n  pr_d_c_  s_ch  _s  bl__b_rr__s,  _r_ng_s,  p_pp_rs  _nd  str_wb_rr__s.  R_s__rch_r  Dr  W_lt_r  W_ll_tt  fr_m  H_rv_rd  _n_v_rs_ty  s__d:  "_  c_l__rf_l  d__t  r_ch  _n  fl_v_n__ds  s__ms  t_  b_  _  g__d  b_t  f_r  pr_m_t_ng  l_ng-t_rm  br__n  h__lth."

    Dr  W_ll_tt  c_nd_ct_d  _  st_dy  _f  th_  __t_ng  h_b_ts  _nd  m_nt_l  h__lth  _f  _r__nd  77,000  m_ddl_-_g_d  p__pl_  f_r  20  y__rs.  H_  d_sc_v_r_d  th_t  p__pl_  wh_  _t_  m_r_  fl_v_n__ds  w_r_  l_ss  l_k_ly  t_  _xp_r__nc_  s_gns  _f  c_gn_t_v_  d_cl_n_  l_t_r  _n  th__r  l_f_.  Th_  r_s__rch_rs  s__d  p__pl_  wh_  _t_  m_r_  fl_v_n__d-r_ch  f__d  w_r_  38  p_r  c_nt  l_ss  l_k_ly  t_  s_ff_r  fr_m  m_nt_l  d_cl_n_.  Dr  W_ll_tt  s__d  th_s  m__nt  p__pl_  _n  th__r  l_t_r  y__rs  c__ld  f__l  _p  t_  f__r  y__rs  y__ng_r  w_th  th_  r_ght  d__t.  H_  _dd_d:  "Fl_v_n__ds  _r_  p_w_rh__s_s  wh_n  _t  c_m_s  t_  pr_v_nt_ng  y__r  th_nk_ng  sk_lls  fr_m  d_cl_n_ng  _s  y__  g_t  _ld_r.  _dd_ng  c_l__r  t_  y__r  pl_t_  m_y  l_w_r  th_  r_sk  _f  c_gn_t_v_  d_cl_n_."

    Punctuate the text and add capitals

    people around the world are living longer. this means there are more people who suffer from mental illnesses like dementia. researchers have found that food can cut the chances of developing dementia. in particular, if people eat food that contains flavonoids, they could reduce their chances of getting dementia by a third. flavonoids are chemicals that give fruit and vegetables their bright colours. they help increase the amount of oxygen going to the brain. they are in produce such as blueberries, oranges, peppers and strawberries. researcher dr walter willett from harvard university said: "a colourful diet rich in flavonoids seems to be a good bet for promoting long-term brain health

    dr willett conducted a study of the eating habits and mental health of around 77,000 middle-aged people for 20 years. he discovered that people who ate more flavonoids were less likely to experience signs of cognitive decline later in their life. the researchers said people who ate more flavonoid-rich food were 38 per cent less likely to suffer from mental decline. dr willett said this meant people in their later years could feel up to four years younger with the right diet. he added: "flavonoids are powerhouses when it comes to preventing your thinking skills from declining as you get older. adding colour to your plate may lower the risk of cognitive decline

    Put a slash (/) where the spaces are

    Peoplearoundtheworldarelivinglonger.Thismeanstherearemorepeo
    plewhosufferfrommentalillnesseslikedementia.Researchershavefou
    ndthatfoodcancutthechancesofdevelopingdementia.Inparticular,ifp
    eopleeatfoodthatcontainsflavonoids,theycouldreducetheirchanceso
    fgettingdementiabyathird.Flavonoidsarechemicalsthatgivefruitand
    vegetablestheirbrightcolours.Theyhelpincreasetheamountofoxyge
    ngoingtothebrain.Theyareinproducesuchasblueberries,oranges,pe
    ppersandstrawberries.ResearcherDrWalterWillettfromHarvardUniv
    ersitysaid:"Acolourfuldietrichinflavonoidsseemstobeagoodbetforpr
    omotinglong-termbrainhealth."DrWillettconductedastudyoftheea
    tinghabitsandmentalhealthofaround77,000middle-agedpeoplefo
    r20years.Hediscoveredthatpeoplewhoatemoreflavonoidswerelessli
    kelytoexperiencesignsofcognitivedeclinelaterintheirlife.Theresearc
    herssaidpeoplewhoatemoreflavonoid-richfoodwere38percentle
    sslikelytosufferfrommentaldecline.DrWillettsaidthismeantpeopleint
    heirlateryearscouldfeeluptofouryearsyoungerwiththerightdiet.Hea
    dded:"Flavonoidsarepowerhouseswhenitcomestopreventingyourthi
    nkingskillsfromdecliningasyougetolder.Addingcolourtoyourplatema
    ylowertheriskofcognitivedecline."

    Free writing

    Write about the lesson page for 10 minutes. Comment on your partner’s paper.

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    Academic writing

    People who eat lots of fruit and vegetables should pay less in hospitals. Discuss.

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    Homework

    1. VOCABULARY EXTENSION: Choose several of the words from the text. Use a dictionary or Google's search field (or another search engine) to build up more associations / collocations of each word.
    2. INTERNET: Search the Internet and find out more about this news story. Share what you discover with your partner(s) in the next lesson.
    3. FLAVONOIDS: Make a poster about flavonoids. Show your work to your classmates in the next lesson. Did you all have similar things?
    4. FRUIT & VEG: Write a magazine article about getting us all to grow more fruit and veg. Include imaginary interviews with people who are for and against this.
    Read what you wrote to your classmates in the next lesson. Write down any new words and expressions you hear from your partner(s).
    5. WHAT HAPPENED NEXT? Write a newspaper article about the next stage in this news story. Read what you wrote to your classmates in the next lesson. Give each other feedback on your articles.
    6. LETTER: Write a letter to an expert on fruit and vegetables. Ask him/her three questions about them. Give him/her three of your ideas on how we can get people to eat more fruit and vegetables. Read your letter to your partner(s) in your next lesson. Your partner(s) will answer your questions.





    A Few Additional Activities for Students

    Ask your students what they have read, seen or heard about this news in their own language. Students are likely to / may have have encountered this news in their L1 and therefore bring a background knowledge to the classroom.

    Get students to role play different characters from this news story.

    Ask students to keep track of this news and revisit it to discuss in your next class.

    Ask students to male predictions of how this news might develop in the next few days or weeks, and then revisit and discuss in a future class.

    Ask students to write a follow-up story to this news.

    Students role play a journalist and someone who witnessed or was a part of this news. Perhaps they could make a video of the interview.

    Ask students to keep a news journal in English and add this story to their thoughts.

    Also...

    Buy my 1,000 Ideas and Activities for Language Teachers eBook. It has hundreds of ideas, activity templates, reproducible activities for:

    • News
    • Warm ups
    • Pre-reading / Post-reading
    • Using headlines
    • Working with words
    • While-reading / While-listening
    • Moving from text to speech
    • Post-reading / Post-listening
    • Discussions
    • Using opinions
    • Plans
    • Language
    • Using lists
    • Using quotes
    • Task-based activities
    • Role plays
    • Using the central characters in the article
    • Using themes from the news
    • Homework

    Buy my book

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    Answers

    (Please look at page 26 of the PDF to see a photocopiable example of this activity.)

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