The Reading / Listening - Neckties - Level 6

Spain's Prime Minister Pedro Sanchez has urged his fellow citizens to ditch their neckties to help save energy and the planet. Mr Sanchez made his plea at a press conference on Friday. He addressed journalists tieless, and called on Spanish people to follow his lead amid the country's months-long heatwave. He stated: "I would like you to see that I am not wearing a tie. I have asked all ministers and public decision-makers to do likewise. That means we can all save energy." He added: "I would also like to ask the private sector that…they should not wear a tie either because, in that way, we will all be contributing to the energy savings that are so necessary for our country."

Mr Sanchez said Spain would soon adopt "urgent" energy-saving measures to tackle the climate crisis, and to reduce its reliance on Russian gas. Many other European countries are doing what they can to be less dependent on Russia for fuel in the wake of the Ukraine War. It is as yet unclear what actions Mr Sanchez will take to save energy. His government has already set restrictions on the use of air conditioners and heating appliances in the workplace. The recent heatwaves and rising energy prices have taken their toll on Spain. More than 500 people have passed away in the past two weeks because of the heat. Spain has also introduced a relief package of $9.2 billion to help people pay energy bills.

Try the same news story at these easier levels:

    Neckties - Level 4  or  Neckties - Level 5

Sources
  • https://www.euronews.com/my-europe/2022/07/29/tieless-pedro-sanchez-asks-spaniards-to-ditch-the-tie-to-save-energy
  • https://www.dw.com/en/spain-pm-sanchez-calls-on-office-workers-to-ditch-ties-to-save-on-energy/a-62654234
  • https://www.msn.com/en-us/news/world/spanish-pm-calls-on-workers-to-stop-wearing-ties/ar-AA106y16


Make sure you try all of the online activities for this reading and listening - There are dictations, multiple choice activities, drag and drop activities, sentence jumbles, which word activities, text reconstructions, spelling, gap fills and a whole lot more. Please enjoy :-)

Warm-ups

1. NECKTIES: Students walk around the class and talk to other students about neckties. Change partners often and share your findings.
2. CHAT: In pairs / groups, talk about these topics or words from the article. What will the article say about them? What can you say about these words and your life?
       fellow citizens / neckties / energy / the planet / heatwave / ministers / private sector /
       urgent / climate crisis / gas / Ukraine War / air conditioners / energy prices / relief
Have a chat about the topics you liked. Change topics and partners frequently.
3. NEEDLESS: Students A strongly believe we don't need neckties; Students B strongly believe otherwise. Change partners again and talk about your conversations.
4. ENERGY SAVING: How can we save energy with these things? Will you do this? Why / Why not? Complete this table with your partner(s). Change partners often and share what you wrote.

 

How?

Do You Do This

Why (Not)?

Neckties

 

 

 

Computers

 

 

 

Water

 

 

 

Cars

 

 

 

Food

 

 

 

Clothes

 

 

 

MY e-BOOK
ESL resource book with copiable worksheets and handouts - 1,000 Ideas and Activities for Language Teachers / English teachers
See a sample

5. PLANET: Spend one minute writing down all of the different words you associate with the word "planet". Share your words with your partner(s) and talk about them. Together, put the words into different categories.
6. CLOTHING: Rank these with your partner. Put the things we don't need to wear at the top. Change partners often and share your rankings.

  • Neckties
  • Jewellery
  • Watches
  • Suit jackets
  • Perfume
  • Socks
  • Underwear
  • Cosmetics

 

Vocabulary

    Paragraph 1

      1. urged a. Surrounded by; in the middle of.
      2. fellow b. Helping to cause or bring about.
      3. plea c. Really tried to get someone to do something.
      4. amid d. A request made in an urgent and emotional manner.
      5. likewise e. Sharing qualities or characteristics with other people.
      6. private sector f. In the same way.
      7. contributing g. The businesses in a country that are not under direct state control.

    Paragraph 2

      8. tackle h. Dependence on or trust in someone or something.
      9. reliance i. Following someone or something, especially as a consequence.
      10. in the wake of j. The adverse effect of something.
      11. restriction k. Make big efforts to deal with a problem or difficult task.
      12. appliance l. A set of measures deigned to help people who are in difficult times.
      13. toll m. A device or piece of equipment designed to perform a specific task.
      14. relief package n. A limiting condition or measure, especially a legal one.

 

Before reading / listening

1. TRUE / FALSE: Read the headline. Guess if 1-8 below are true (T) or false (F).

  1. Spain's leader only asked fellows to not wear ties.     T / F
  2. Spain's leader wore a tie to a press conference about not wearing ties.    T / F
  3. Spain's leader wants public and private sector workers to ditch ties.     T / F
  4. Spain's leader ordered everyone to contribute to saving energy.     T / F
  5. Spain introduced urgent energy-saving measures last week.     T / F
  6. Many European companies are ditching Russian gas.     T / F
  7. Spain has introduced measures so people use air conditioners less.     T / F
  8. Spain has a $9.2 million to help people with power bills.     T / F

2. SYNONYM MATCH: Match the following synonyms from the article.

  1. urged
  2. ditch
  3. amid
  4. likewise
  5. contributing
  6. adopt
  7. dependent
  8. restrictions
  9. passed away
  10. relief
  1. in the middle of
  2. died
  3. playing a part in
  4. reliant
  5. abandon
  6. limitations
  7. aid
  8. encouraged
  9. approve
  10. similarly

3. PHRASE MATCH: (Sometimes more than one choice is possible.)

  1. Pedro Sanchez has urged his fellow
  2. press
  3. called on Spanish people to follow
  4. the private
  5. we will all be contributing
  6. soon adopt "urgent" energy-
  7. reduce its reliance
  8. in the wake
  9. set restrictions on the use
  10. rising energy prices have taken
  1. his lead
  2. of the Ukraine War
  3. citizens
  4. saving measures
  5. of air conditioners
  6. sector
  7. conference
  8. their toll
  9. to the energy savings
  10. on Russian gas

Gap fill

Put these words into the spaces in the paragraph below.
ministers
save
sector
fellow
amid
necessary
likewise
plea

Spain's Prime Minister Pedro Sanchez has urged his (1) _____________________ citizens to ditch their neckties to help (2) _____________________ energy and the planet. Mr Sanchez made his (3) _____________________ at a press conference on Friday. He addressed journalists tieless, and called on Spanish people to follow his lead (4) _____________________ the country's months-long heatwave. He stated: "I would like you to see that I am not wearing a tie. I have asked all (5) _____________________ and public decision-makers to do (6) _____________________. That means we can all save energy." He added: "I would also like to ask the private (7) _____________________ that...they should not wear a tie either because, in that way, we will all be contributing to the energy savings that are so (8) _____________________ for our country."

Put these words into the spaces in the paragraph below.
wake
less
package
urgent
appliances
reliance
toll
yet

Mr Sanchez said Spain would soon adopt "(9) _____________________ " energy-saving measures to tackle the climate crisis, and to reduce its (10) _____________________ on Russian gas. Many other European countries are doing what they can to be (11) _____________________ dependent on Russia for fuel in the (12) _____________________ of the Ukraine War. It is as (13) _____________________ unclear what actions Mr Sanchez will take to save energy. His government has already set restrictions on the use of air conditioners and heating (14) _____________________ in the workplace. The recent heatwaves and rising energy prices have taken their (15) _____________________ on Spain. More than 500 people have passed away in the past two weeks because of the heat. Spain has also introduced a relief (16) _____________________ of $9.2 billion to help people pay energy bills.

Listening — Guess the answers. Listen to check.

1)  save energy and the planet. Mr Sanchez made his ______ press conference
     a.  please at a
     b.  plea yacht a
     c.  plea at a
     d.  pleat at a
2)  He addressed journalists tieless, and called on Spanish people to ______
     a.  follow his lead
     b.  follow his load
     c.  follow his reed
     d.  follow his leader
3)  I have asked all ministers and public decision-makers ______
     a.  to do like woods
     b.  to do like wires
     c.  to do like wish
     d.  to do likewise
4)  That means we can all save energy." He added: "I would also like to ask ______
     a.  the private sequent
     b.  the private sequester
     c.  the private sector
     d.  the private section
5)  we will all be contributing to the energy savings that ______
     a.  are so necessary
     b.  are sew necessary
     c.  are sow necessary
     d.  are sown necessary

6)  Spain would soon adopt "urgent" energy-saving measures to _____ crisis
     a.  tackle the climate
     b.  tackles the climate
     c.  tickle the climate
     d.  tack all the climate
7)  be less dependent on Russia for fuel in the ______ Ukraine War
     a.  woke of the
     b.  wake of the
     c.  week of the
     d.  ache of the
8)  His government has already set restrictions on the use of air conditioners ______
     a.  and heat in appliances
     b.  and heating appliances
     c.  and heat in appliances
     d.  and heat thing appliances
9)  The recent heatwaves and rising energy prices have taken their ______
     a.  till on Spain
     b.  tell on Spain
     c.  toil on Spain
     d.  toll on Spain
10)  Spain has also introduced a relief ______ billion
     a.  baggage of $9.2
     b.  package of $9.2
     c.  picket of $9.2
     d.  packed of $9.2

Listening — Listen and fill in the gaps

Spain's Prime Minister Pedro Sanchez has (1) ____________________ citizens to ditch their neckties to help save energy and the planet. Mr Sanchez (2) ____________________ at a press conference on Friday. He addressed journalists tieless, and called on Spanish people to (3) ____________________ amid the country's months-long heatwave. He stated: "I would like you to see that I am not wearing a tie. I have asked all ministers and (4) ____________________ to do likewise. That means we can all save energy." He added: "I would also like to ask the (5) ____________________...they should not wear a tie either because, in that way, we will all be contributing to the energy savings that (6) ____________________ for our country."

Mr Sanchez said Spain would (7) ____________________ energy-saving measures to tackle the climate crisis, and to (8) ____________________ on Russian gas. Many other European countries are doing what they can to be less dependent on Russia for fuel in (9) ____________________ the Ukraine War. It is as yet unclear what actions Mr Sanchez will take to save energy. His government has already (10) ____________________ the use of air conditioners and heating appliances in the workplace. The recent heatwaves and rising energy prices have taken (11) ____________________ Spain. More than 500 people have passed away in the past two weeks because of the heat. Spain has also introduced (12) ____________________ of $9.2 billion to help people pay energy bills.

Comprehension questions

  1. What might ditching neckties save besides energy?
  2. Where did Spain's leader address journalists?
  3. How long has Spain's heatwave been?
  4. Who has Spain's leader asked not to wear a tie besides decision-makers?
  5. What will everyone be doing by not wearing a tie?
  6. What might energy-saving measures help to tackle?
  7. What do European countries want to rely less on?
  8. What has Spain set restrictions on using besides air conditioners?
  9. What is the current death toll in Spain from heat waves?
  10. How much is the relief package to help with people's energy bills?

Multiple choice quiz

1)  What might ditching neckties save besides energy?
a) money
b) the planet
c) Spain
d) electricity companies
2)  Where did Spain's leader address journalists?
a) in a city hall
b) in parliament
c) online
d) at a press conference
3) How long has Spain's heatwave been?
a) months
b) weeks
c) a month
d) a week
4) Who has Spain's leader asked not to wear a tie besides decision-makers?
a) rock stars
b) children
c) ministers
d) footballers
5) What will everyone be doing by not wearing a tie?
a) being scruffy
b) contributing to energy savings
c) chilling
d) helping to make society informal

6) What might energy-saving measures help to tackle?
a) the climate crisis
b) nuclear fusion
c) low profits
d) crime
7) What do European countries want to rely less on?
a) coal
b) each other
c) Russian gas
d) electricity
8) What has Spain set restrictions on using besides air conditioners?
a) heating appliances
b) cars
c) subway systems
d) microwave ovens
9) What is the current death toll in Spain from heat waves?
a) 500
b) 600
c) 700
d) 800

10) How much is the relief package to help with people's energy bills?
a) $92 billion
b) $2.9 billion
c) $29 billion
d) $9.2 billion

Role play

Role  A – Neckties
You think neckties are the things we really don't need to wear. Tell the others three reasons why. Tell them why their things are more important. Also, tell the others which is the most important of these (and why): socks, underwear or cosmetics.

Role  B – Socks
You think socks are the things we really don't need to wear. Tell the others three reasons why. Tell them why their things are more important. Also, tell the others which is the most important of these (and why): neckties, underwear or cosmetics.

Role  C – Underwear
You think underwear are the things we really don't need to wear. Tell the others three reasons why. Tell them why their things are more important. Also, tell the others which is the most important of these (and why): socks, neckties or cosmetics.

Role  D – Cosmetics
You think cosmetics are the things we really don't need to wear. Tell the others three reasons why. Tell them why their things are more important. Also, tell the others which is the most important of these (and why): socks, underwear or neckties.

After reading / listening

1. WORD SEARCH: Look in your dictionary / computer to find collocates, other meanings, information, synonyms … for the words...

'necktie'

  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • and 'energy'.

  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • • Share your findings with your partners.

    • Make questions using the words you found.

    • Ask your partner / group your questions.

    2. ARTICLE QUESTIONS: Look back at the article and write down some questions you would like to ask the class about the text.

    •Share your questions with other classmates / groups. •Ask your partner / group your questions.

    3. GAP FILL: In pairs / groups, compare your answers to this exercise. Check your answers. Talk about the words from the activity. Were they new, interesting, worth learning…?

    4. VOCABULARY: Circle any words you do not understand. In groups, pool unknown words and use dictionaries to find their meanings.

    5. TEST EACH OTHER: Look at the words below. With your partner, try to recall how they were used in the text:

    • urged
    • plea
    • follow
    • likewise
    • private
    • all
    • urgent
    • reliance
    • fuel
    • set
    • toll
    • relief

    Student survey

    Write five GOOD questions about this topic in the table. Do this in pairs. Each student must write the questions on his / her own paper. When you have finished, interview other students. Write down their answers.

    (Please look at page 12 of the PDF to see a photocopiable example of this activity.)

    Discussion - Neckties

    STUDENT A’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student B)

    1. What did you think when you read the headline?
    2. What images are in your mind when you hear the word 'necktie'?
    3. What do you think of neckties?
    4. Should people be wearing neckties in the 21st century?
    5. How will not wearing a tie save energy?
    6. Has the recent hot weather affected you?
    7. Should all workers wear shorts and T-shirts in hot weather?
    8. What do you do to stay cool on hot weather?
    9. What do you do to save energy?
    10. What advice do you have for Spain's leader?

    STUDENT B’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student A)

    1. Did you like reading this article? Why/not?
    2. What do you think of when you hear the word 'energy'?
    3. What do you think about what you read?
    4. What useful purpose do neckties serve?
    5. Does a necktie really make people hotter?
    6. How worried are you about the climate crisis?
    7. What can we use instead of air conditioners?
    8. How can you reduce your energy bills?
    9. How much higher will energy and food prices go?
    10. What questions would you like to ask Spain's leader?

    Discussion — Write your own questions

    STUDENT A’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student B)

    (a) ________________

    (b) ________________

    (c) ________________

    (d) ________________

    (e) ________________

    STUDENT B’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student A)

    (f) ________________

    (g) ________________

    (h) ________________

    (i) ________________

    (j) ________________

    Language — Cloze (Gap-fill)

    Spain's Prime Minister Pedro Sanchez has (1) ____ his fellow citizens to ditch their neckties to help save energy and the planet. Mr Sanchez made his (2) ____ at a press conference on Friday. He addressed journalists tieless, and called on Spanish people to follow his lead (3) ____ the country's months-long heatwave. He stated: "I would like you to see that I am not wearing a tie. I have asked all ministers and public decision-makers to do (4) ____. That means we can all save energy." He added: "I would also like to ask the private sector that...they should not wear a tie either because, in that (5) ____, we will all be contributing to the energy savings that are (6) ____ necessary for our country."

    Mr Sanchez said Spain would soon (7) ____ "urgent" energy-saving measures to tackle the climate crisis, and to reduce its reliance (8) ____ Russian gas. Many other European countries are doing what they can to be less dependent on Russia for fuel in the (9) ____ of the Ukraine War. It is as yet unclear what actions Mr Sanchez will take to save energy. His government has already (10) ____ restrictions on the use of air conditioners and heating appliances in the workplace. The recent heatwaves and rising energy prices have taken their (11) ____ on Spain. More than 500 people have passed away in the past two weeks because of the heat. Spain has also introduced a relief package (12) ____ $9.2 billion to help people pay energy bills.

    Which of these words go in the above text?

    1. (a)     erred     (b)     raged     (c)     purged     (d)     urged    
    2. (a)     pry     (b)     please     (c)     ply     (d)     plea    
    3. (a)     amok     (b)     amid     (c)     among     (d)     amass    
    4. (a)     likely     (b)     likelihood     (c)     likewise     (d)     likes    
    5. (a)     certain     (b)     means     (c)     way     (d)     movement    
    6. (a)     so     (b)     few     (c)     much     (d)     total    
    7. (a)     adept     (b)     adopt     (c)     adapt     (d)     atop    
    8. (a)     on     (b)     to     (c)     of     (d)     at    
    9. (a)     doze     (b)     wake     (c)     sleep     (d)     dream    
    10. (a)     let     (b)     bet     (c)     set     (d)     wet    
    11. (a)     atoll     (b)     toil     (c)     toll     (d)     till    
    12. (a)     by     (b)     on     (c)     at     (d)     of

    Spelling

    Paragraph 1

    1. urged his fellow itenicsz
    2. made his pela at a press conference
    3. He edddsaser journalists tieless
    4. daim the country's months-long heatwave
    5. all mrsinties and public decision-makers
    6. the private ocrtes

    Paragraph 2

    1. adopt "urgent" energy-saving eamsruse
    2. reduce its clirenea on Russian gas
    3. be less petddeenn on Russia
    4. His government has already set rtinsesciotr
    5. heating psaenlapci
    6. introduced a efreli package of $9.2 billion

    Put the text back together

    (...) Spain's Prime Minister Pedro Sanchez has urged his fellow citizens to ditch their neckties to help save
    (...)  to save energy. His government has already set restrictions on the use of air conditioners and heating
    (...)  contributing to the energy savings that are so necessary for our country."
    (...)  dependent on Russia for fuel in the wake of the Ukraine War. It is as yet unclear what actions Mr Sanchez will take
    (...)  on Spain. More than 500 people have passed away in the past two weeks because of the
    (...)  heat. Spain has also introduced a relief package of $9.2 billion to help people pay energy bills.
    (...)  likewise. That means we can all save energy." He added: "I would also like to ask the private
    (...)  heatwave. He stated: "I would like you to see that I am not wearing a tie. I have asked all ministers and public decision-makers to do
    (...)  journalists tieless, and called on Spanish people to follow his lead amid the country's months-long
    (...)  energy and the planet. Mr Sanchez made his plea at a press conference on Friday. He addressed
    (...)  appliances in the workplace. The recent heatwaves and rising energy prices have taken their toll
    (...)  Mr Sanchez said Spain would soon adopt "urgent" energy-saving measures to tackle the climate
    (...)  crisis, and to reduce its reliance on Russian gas. Many other European countries are doing what they can to be less
    (...)  sector that...they should not wear a tie either because, in that way, we will all be

    Put the words in the right order

    1. fellow   neckties   .   to   his   ditch   Urged   their   citizens
    2. amid   heatwave   .   Follow   months-long   the   his   lead   country's
    3. on   to   lead   .   Called   his   follow   Spanish   people
    4. like   the   sector   .   ask   I'd   also   to   private
    5. necessary   our   country   .   that   for   so   are   Savings
    6. gas   .   It   will   reduce   Russian   reliance   on   its
    7. what   unclear   actions   .   It   is   yet   as
    8. on   restrictions   Set   air   use   conditioners   the   of
    9. have   More   people   than   away   .   passed   500
    10. help   of   package   to   people   .   relief   A   $9.2 billion

    Circle the correct word (20 pairs)

    Spain's Prime Minister Pedro Sanchez has purged / urged his fellow citizens to ditch their neckties to help save / sieve energy and the planet. Mr Sanchez made his please / plea at a press conference on Friday. He addressed journalists tieless, and called on Spanish people to follow his lead amid / mid the country's months-long heatwave. He stated: "I would like you to see that / what I am not wearing a tie. I have asked all ministers and public decision-makers to do likewise / likely. That means we can all save energy." He added: "I would also like to ask the privates / private sector that...they should not wear a tie neither / either because, in that way, we will all be contribution / contributing to the energy savings that are so necessary / necessitates for our country."

    Mr Sanchez said Spain would soon adopt "urgent" / "urgently" energy-saving measures to tackle the climate crisis, and to reduce its rely / reliance on Russian gas. Many other European countries are done / doing what they can to be less dependent on Russia for fuel in the awake / wake of the Ukraine War. It is as / was yet unclear what actions Mr Sanchez will take to save energy. His government has already set / let restrictions on the use of air conditioners and heating applicants / appliances in the workplace. The recent heatwaves and rising energy prices have taken their atoll / toll on Spain. More than 500 people have passed / past away in the past two weeks because of the heat. Spain has also introduced a relief / relieve package of $9.2 billion to help people pay energy bills.

    Talk about the connection between each pair of words in italics, and why the correct word is correct.

    Insert the vowels (a, e, i, o, u)

    Sp__n's  Pr_m_  M_n_st_r  P_dr_  S_nch_z  h_s  _rg_d  h_s  f_ll_w  c_t_z_ns  t_  d_tch  th__r  n_ckt__s  t_  h_lp  s_v_  _n_rgy  _nd  th_  pl_n_t.  Mr  S_nch_z  m_d_  h_s  pl__  _t  _  pr_ss  c_nf_r_nc_  _n  Fr_d_y.  H_  _ddr_ss_d  j__rn_l_sts  t__l_ss,  _nd  c_ll_d  _n  Sp_n_sh  p__pl_  t_  f_ll_w  h_s  l__d  _m_d  th_  c__ntry's  m_nths-l_ng  h__tw_v_.  H_  st_t_d:  "_  w__ld  l_k_  y__  t_  s__  th_t  _  _m  n_t  w__r_ng  _  t__.  _  h_v_  _sk_d  _ll  m_n_st_rs  _nd  p_bl_c  d_c_s__n-m_k_rs  t_  d_  l_k_w_s_.  Th_t  m__ns  w_  c_n  _ll  s_v_  _n_rgy."  H_  _dd_d:  "_  w__ld  _ls_  l_k_  t_  _sk  th_  pr_v_t_  s_ct_r  th_t...th_y  sh__ld  n_t  w__r  _  t__  __th_r  b_c__s_,  _n  th_t  w_y,  w_  w_ll  _ll  b_  c_ntr_b_t_ng  t_  th_  _n_rgy  s_v_ngs  th_t  _r_  s_  n_c_ss_ry  f_r  __r  c__ntry."

    Mr  S_nch_z  s__d  Sp__n  w__ld  s__n  _d_pt  "_rg_nt"  _n_rgy-s_v_ng  m__s_r_s  t_  t_ckl_  th_  cl_m_t_  cr_s_s,  _nd  t_  r_d_c_  _ts  r_l__nc_  _n  R_ss__n  g_s.  M_ny  _th_r  __r_p__n  c__ntr__s  _r_  d__ng  wh_t  th_y  c_n  t_  b_  l_ss  d_p_nd_nt  _n  R_ss__  f_r  f__l  _n  th_  w_k_  _f  th_  _kr__n_  W_r.  _t  _s  _s  y_t  _ncl__r  wh_t  _ct__ns  Mr  S_nch_z  w_ll  t_k_  t_  s_v_  _n_rgy.  H_s  g_v_rnm_nt  h_s  _lr__dy  s_t  r_str_ct__ns  _n  th_  _s_  _f  __r  c_nd_t__n_rs  _nd  h__t_ng  _ppl__nc_s  _n  th_  w_rkpl_c_.  Th_  r_c_nt  h__tw_v_s  _nd  r_s_ng  _n_rgy  pr_c_s  h_v_  t_k_n  th__r  t_ll  _n  Sp__n.  M_r_  th_n  500  p__pl_  h_v_  p_ss_d  _w_y  _n  th_  p_st  tw_  w__ks  b_c__s_  _f  th_  h__t.  Sp__n  h_s  _ls_  _ntr_d_c_d  _  r_l__f  p_ck_g_  _f  $9.2  b_ll__n  t_  h_lp  p__pl_  p_y  _n_rgy  b_lls.

    Punctuate the text and add capitals

    spains prime minister pedro sanchez has urged his fellow citizens to ditch their neckties to help save energy and the planet mr sanchez made his plea at a press conference on friday he addressed journalists tieless and called on spanish people to follow his lead amid the countrys monthslong heatwave he stated i would like you to see that i am not wearing a tie i have asked all ministers and public decisionmakers to do likewise that means we can all save energy he added i would also like to ask the private sector thatthey should not wear a tie either because in that way we will all be contributing to the energy savings that are so necessary for our country

    mr sanchez said spain would soon adopt urgent energysaving measures to tackle the climate crisis and to reduce its reliance on russian gas many other european countries are doing what they can to be less dependent on russia for fuel in the wake of the ukraine war it is as yet unclear what actions mr sanchez will take to save energy his government has already set restrictions on the use of air conditioners and heating appliances in the workplace the recent heatwaves and rising energy prices have taken their toll on spain more than 500 people have passed away in the past two weeks because of the heat spain has also introduced a relief package of 92 billion to help people pay energy bills

    Put a slash (/) where the spaces are

    Spain'sPrimeMinisterPedroSanchezhasurgedhisfellowcitizenstoditc
    htheirnecktiestohelpsaveenergyandtheplanet.MrSanchezmadehisp
    leaatapressconferenceonFriday.Headdressedjournaliststieless,and
    calledonSpanishpeopletofollowhisleadamidthecountry'smonths-lon
    gheatwave.Hestated:"IwouldlikeyoutoseethatIamnotwearingatie.I
    haveaskedallministersandpublicdecision-makerstodolikewise.Th
    atmeanswecanallsaveenergy."Headded:"Iwouldalsoliketoaskthepri
    vatesectorthat...theyshouldnotwearatieeitherbecause,inthatway,w
    ewillallbecontributingtotheenergysavingsthataresonecessaryforour
    country."MrSanchezsaidSpainwouldsoonadopt"urgent"energy-sav
    ingmeasurestotackletheclimatecrisis,andtoreduceitsrelianceonRus
    siangas.ManyotherEuropeancountriesaredoingwhattheycantobeles
    sdependentonRussiaforfuelinthewakeoftheUkraineWar.Itisasyetun
    clearwhatactionsMrSanchezwilltaketosaveenergy.Hisgovernmenth
    asalreadysetrestrictionsontheuseofairconditionersandheatingappli
    ancesintheworkplace.Therecentheatwavesandrisingenergypricesh
    avetakentheirtollonSpain.Morethan500peoplehavepassedawayinth
    epasttwoweeksbecauseoftheheat.Spainhasalsointroducedareliefpa
    ckageof$9.2billiontohelppeoplepayenergybills.

    Free writing

    Write about necktie for 10 minutes. Comment on your partner’s paper.

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    Academic writing

    Neckties are no longer necessary in the 21st century. Discuss.

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    Homework

    1. VOCABULARY EXTENSION: Choose several of the words from the text. Use a dictionary or Google's search field (or another search engine) to build up more associations / collocations of each word.
    2. INTERNET: Search the Internet and find out more about this news story. Share what you discover with your partner(s) in the next lesson.
    3. NECKTIES: Make a poster about neckties. Show your work to your classmates in the next lesson. Did you all have similar things?
    4. END NECKTIES: Write a magazine article about eliminating the need to wear neckties. Include imaginary interviews with people who are for and against this.
    Read what you wrote to your classmates in the next lesson. Write down any new words and expressions you hear from your partner(s).
    5. WHAT HAPPENED NEXT? Write a newspaper article about the next stage in this news story. Read what you wrote to your classmates in the next lesson. Give each other feedback on your articles.
    6. LETTER: Write a letter to an expert on neckties. Ask him/her three questions about them. Give him/her three of your opinions on neckties. Read your letter to your partner(s) in your next lesson. Your partner(s) will answer your questions.

    A Few Additional Activities for Students

    Ask your students what they have read, seen or heard about this news in their own language. Students are likely to / may have have encountered this news in their L1 and therefore bring a background knowledge to the classroom.

    Get students to role play different characters from this news story.

    Ask students to keep track of this news and revisit it to discuss in your next class.

    Ask students to male predictions of how this news might develop in the next few days or weeks, and then revisit and discuss in a future class.

    Ask students to write a follow-up story to this news.

    Students role play a journalist and someone who witnessed or was a part of this news. Perhaps they could make a video of the interview.

    Ask students to keep a news journal in English and add this story to their thoughts.

    Also...

    Buy my 1,000 Ideas and Activities for Language Teachers eBook. It has hundreds of ideas, activity templates, reproducible activities for:

    • News
    • Warm ups
    • Pre-reading / Post-reading
    • Using headlines
    • Working with words
    • While-reading / While-listening
    • Moving from text to speech
    • Post-reading / Post-listening
    • Discussions
    • Using opinions
    • Plans
    • Language
    • Using lists
    • Using quotes
    • Task-based activities
    • Role plays
    • Using the central characters in the article
    • Using themes from the news
    • Homework

    Buy my book

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    Answers

    (Please look at page 26 of the PDF to see a photocopiable example of this activity.)

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