The Reading / Listening - Ageing Process - Level 3

Scientists in Israel say they have conducted tests to successfully stop and reverse the biological ageing process. The tests were part of a joint project by Tel Aviv University and the Shamir Medical Center. The researchers said the science behind their experiments was very simple - they used only oxygen to slow down and turn around what happens to cells as they age. They used high-pressure oxygen on cells that were in a pressure chamber. The scientists said two processes related to ageing and illnesses slowed down. The scientists did tests on 35 adults over the age of 64 for 90 minutes a day, five times a week for three months. Their study was published in the magazine "Ageing" on November the 18th.



A lead scientist explained how important his team's research was. Professor Shai Efrati says the study shows that the ageing process can be reversed at the cellular level. He says we may be able to stop telomeres from shortening. Telomeres are inside cells. The shorter they become, the more we age. If we can stop them getting shorter, cells will not age. Professor Efrati said: "Today telomere shortening is considered the 'Holy Grail' of the biology of ageing. Researchers around the world are trying to develop [drugs] that enable telomere lengthening." He added: "The study gives hope, and opens the door for a lot of young scientists to target ageing as a reversible disease."

Try the same news story at these easier levels:

    Ageing Process - Level 0 Ageing Process - Level 1   or  Ageing Process - Level 2

Sources
  • https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2020/11/22/israeli-scientists-claim-new-study-reverses-ageing-process
  • https://www.timesofisrael.com/israeli-scientists-claim-to-reverse-ageing-in-blood-cells-with-pressure-chamber/
  • https://metro.co.uk/2020/11/21/scientists-reverse-effects-of-ageing-with-groundbreaking-treatment-13631999/


Make sure you try all of the online activities for this reading and listening - There are dictations, multiple choice, drag and drop activities, crosswords, hangman, flash cards, matching activities and a whole lot more. Please enjoy :-)



Warm-ups

1. AGEING: Students walk around the class and talk to other students about ageing. Change partners often and share your findings.
2. CHAT: In pairs / groups, talk about these topics or words from the article. What will the article say about them? What can you say about these words and your life?
       scientists / tests / biological / ageing process / experiments / oxygen / pressure /
       important / research / level / age / world / develop / hope / scientists / disease
Have a chat about the topics you liked. Change topics and partners frequently.
3. 200: Students A strongly believe it would be great if we all lived to be 200; Students B strongly believe it wouldn't. Change partners again and talk about your conversations.
4. AGES: What are the pros and cons of these ages? Complete this table with your partner(s). Change partners often and share what you wrote.

 

Pros

Cons

5

 

 

15

 

 

25

 

 

45

 

 

65

 

 

95

 

 

MY e-BOOK
ESL resource book with copiable worksheets and handouts - 1,000 Ideas and Activities for Language Teachers / English teachers
See a sample

5. OXYGEN: Spend one minute writing down all of the different words you associate with the word "oxygen". Share your words with your partner(s) and talk about them. Together, put the words into different categories.
6. GETTING OLD: Rank these with your partner. Put the worst things about getting old at the top. Change partners often and share your rankings.

  • Wrinkles
  • Grey hair
  • Memory loss
  • Muscle loss
  • Heart problems
  • Poor eyesight
  • Oral health
  • Loss of bladder control

 

Vocabulary

    Paragraph 1

      1. conducted a. A scientific action to make a discovery, test a hypothesis, or show a known fact.
      2. reverse b. Organized and carried out.
      3. biological c. About the study of living things.
      4. experiment d. A series of actions or steps to achieve a goal.
      5. oxygen e. Prepared and issued a book, journal, piece of music, or other work for people to buy.
      6. process f. Make something the opposite of what it was.
      7. published g. The gas we need to breathe; O2.

    Paragraph 2

      8. lead h. Thought about carefully.
      9. cellular i. Choose as an object to do something to.
      10. shortening j. Grow or cause to grow and become more advanced.
      11. considered k. Making shorter.
      12. Holy Grail l. Something difficult that people really, really try to get.
      13. develop m. Top; in first place.
      14. target n. About cells in the body.

 

Before reading / listening

1. TRUE / FALSE: Read the headline. Guess if 1-8 below are true (T) or false (F).

  1. Scientists will start new tests to speed up the ageing process.     T / F
  2. The scientists used high-pressure oxygen in their experiments.     T / F
  3. Three processes related to ageing were slowed down in the tests.     T / F
  4. The tests were on 64 adults over the age of 35.     T / F
  5. A professor says ageing can be turned around at the cellular level.     T / F
  6. There are things in cells called telomeres, which lengthen as we age.     T / F
  7. A professor says telomere shortening is important in chemistry.     T / F
  8. The professor says young scientists can target ageing as a disease.     T / F

2. SYNONYM MATCH: Match the following synonyms from the article.

  1. conducted
  2. reverse
  3. experiments
  4. age
  5. published
  6. explained
  7. stop
  8. considered
  9. develop
  10. target
  1. described
  2. tests
  3. issued
  4. aim at
  5. carried out
  6. advance
  7. get older
  8. halt
  9. turn around
  10. thought

3. PHRASE MATCH: (Sometimes more than one choice is possible.)

  1. Scientists in Israel say they have conducted
  2. reverse the biological
  3. The tests were part of a joint
  4. the science behind their experiments
  5. two processes related
  6. A lead scientist explained how important
  7. the ageing process can be reversed
  8. If we can stop them getting shorter,
  9. trying to develop drugs that enable
  10. target ageing as
  1. project
  2. his team's research was
  3. was very simple
  4. a reversible disease
  5. tests
  6. cells will not age
  7. telomere lengthening
  8. ageing process
  9. at the cellular level
  10. to ageing and illnesses

Gap fill

Put these words into the spaces in the paragraph below.
pressure
conducted
magazine
process
adults
age
slowed
behind

Scientists in Israel say they have (1) _____________________ tests to successfully stop and reverse the biological ageing (2) _____________________. The tests were part of a joint project by Tel Aviv University and the Shamir Medical Center. The researchers said the science (3) _____________________ their experiments was very simple - they used only oxygen to slow down and turn around what happens to cells at they (4) _____________________. They used high-pressure oxygen on cells that were in a (5) _____________________ chamber. The scientists said two processes related to ageing and illnesses (6) _____________________ down. The scientists did tests on 35 (7) _____________________ over the age of 64 for 90 minutes a day, five times a week for three months. Their study was published in the (8) _____________________ "Ageing" on November the 18th.

Put these words into the spaces in the paragraph below.
cells
considered
important
hope
shorter
disease
reversed
develop

A lead scientist explained how (9) _____________________ his team's research was. Professor Shai Efrati says the study shows that the ageing process can be (10) _____________________ at the cellular level. He says we may be able to stop telomeres from shortening. Telomeres are inside (11) _____________________. The shorter they become, the more we age. If we can stop them getting (12) _____________________, cells will not age. Professor Efrati said: "Today telomere shortening is (13) _____________________ the 'Holy Grail' of the biology of ageing. Researchers around the world are trying to (14) _____________________ [drugs] that enable telomere lengthening." He added: "The study gives (15) _____________________, and opens the door for a lot of young scientists to target ageing as a reversible (16) _____________________."

Listening — Guess the answers. Listen to check.

1) conducted tests to successfully stop and reverse the biological ______
     a.  age in process
     b.  aged din process
     c.  age din process
     d.  ageing process
2)  they used only oxygen to slow down and turn around what happens to cells ______
     a.  at they age
     b.  as they age
     c.  and they age
     d.  has they age
3)  The scientists said two processes related to ageing and ______
     a.  illnesses slow down
     b.  illness is slowed down
     c.  illnesses slow downer
     d.  illnesses slowed down
4)  The scientists did tests on 35 adults over the age of 64 for 90 ______
     a.  minute a day
     b.  minutes a day
     c.  minutes the day
     d.  minutes of day
5)  Their study was published in the ______
     a.  mega scene "Ageing"
     b.  mega screen "Ageing"
     c.  mag a scene "Ageing"
     d.  magazine "Ageing"

6)  A lead scientist explained how important his team's ______
     a.  research wasn't
     b.  research was
     c.  research has
     d.  research wash
7)  the study shows that the ageing process can be reversed at ______
     a.  the cell you are level
     b.  the sell you are level
     c.  the cellular level
     d.  the cell lunar level
8)  He says we may be able to stop telomeres ______
     a.  from short tanning
     b.  from shorten in
     c.  from shortening
     d.  from short ten in
9)  Today telomere shortening is considered the 'Holy Grail' ______
     a.  of the biology
     b.  off the biology
     c.  of a biology
     d.  of the biological
10)  The study gives hope, and opens the door for a lot of young scientists ______
     a.  to target ageing
     b.  too tar get ageing
     c.  to tar gets ageing
     d.  two target ageing

Listening — Listen and fill in the gaps

Scientists in Israel say they have (1) ____________________ successfully stop and reverse the biological ageing process. The tests were part of (2) ____________________ by Tel Aviv University and the Shamir Medical Center. The researchers said the (3) ____________________ experiments was very simple - they used only oxygen to slow down and turn around what happens to cells at they age. They used (4) ____________________ on cells that were in a pressure chamber. The scientists said two processes related to ageing (5) ____________________ down. The scientists did tests on 35 adults over the age of 64 for 90 minutes a day, five times a week for three months. Their study (6) ____________________ the magazine "Ageing" on November the 18th.

A lead scientist explained (7) ____________________ team's research was. Professor Shai Efrati says the study shows that the ageing process can be (8) ____________________ cellular level. He says we may be able to stop telomeres from shortening. Telomeres (9) ____________________. The shorter they become, the more we age. If we can stop them getting shorter, cells (10) ____________________. Professor Efrati said: "Today telomere shortening is considered the 'Holy Grail' of the biology of ageing. Researchers around the world are (11) ____________________ [drugs] that enable telomere lengthening." He added: "The study gives hope, and opens the door for a lot of young scientists to (12) ____________________ a reversible disease."

Comprehension questions

  1. Which country did the scientists conduct their tests in?
  2. What chemical did the scientists use in their experiments?
  3. Where did the scientists put the cells in their experiments?
  4. How many adults did the scientists test?
  5. What is the name of the magazine that published the research?
  6. At what level does a professor say ageing can be reversed?
  7. What does a scientist say they can stop telomeres from doing?
  8. What did a professor say telomere shortening was the Holy Grail of?
  9. What are scientists around the world trying to develop?
  10. Who did the scientist say the research opens the door for?




Multiple choice quiz

1) Which country did the scientists conduct their tests in?
a) the USA
b) Israel
c) the UAE
d) India
2) What chemical did the scientists use in their experiments?
a) hydrogen
b) nitrogen
c) helium
d) oxygen
3) Where did the scientists put the cells in their experiments?
a) a test tube
b) a petri dish
c) a pressure chamber
d) a microscope
4) How many adults did the scientists test?
a) 35
b) 18
c) 64
d) 90
5) What is the name of the magazine that published the research?
a) Aged
b) Ageing
c) Ageist
d) Elderly

6) At what level does a professor say ageing can be reversed?
a) the cellular level
b) the molecular level
c) the atomic level
d) the highest level
7) What does a scientist say they can stop telomeres from doing?
a) dying
b) lengthening
c) shortening
d) multiplying
8) What did a professor say telomere shortening was the Holy Grail of?
a) the biology of ageing
b) the physics of ageing
c) the chemistry of ageing
d) the pharmacology of ageing
9) What are scientists around the world trying to develop?
a) targets
b) hope
c) telomeres
d) drugs
10) Who did the scientist say the research opens the door for?
a) telomeres
b) professors
c) young scientists
d) young people

Role play

Role  A – Wrinkles
You think wrinkles are the worst thing about old age. Tell the others three reasons why. Tell them why their things aren't as bad. Also, tell the others which is the least worrying of these (and why): memory loss, muscle loss or loss of bladder control.

Role  B – Memory Loss
You think memory loss is the worst thing about old age. Tell the others three reasons why. Tell them why their things aren't as bad. Also, tell the others which is the least worrying of these (and why): wrinkles, muscle loss or loss of bladder control.

Role  C – Muscle Loss
You think muscle loss is the worst thing about old age. Tell the others three reasons why. Tell them why their things aren't as bad. Also, tell the others which is the least worrying of these (and why): memory loss, wrinkles or loss of bladder control.

Role  D – Loss of Bladder Control
You think loss of bladder control is the worst thing about old age. Tell the others three reasons why. Tell them why their things aren't as bad. Also, tell the others which is the least worrying of these (and why): memory loss, muscle loss or wrinkles.

After reading / listening

1. WORD SEARCH: Look in your dictionary / computer to find collocates, other meanings, information, synonyms … for the words...

'ageing'

  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • and 'process'.

  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • • Share your findings with your partners.

    • Make questions using the words you found.

    • Ask your partner / group your questions.

    2. ARTICLE QUESTIONS: Look back at the article and write down some questions you would like to ask the class about the text.

    •Share your questions with other classmates / groups. •Ask your partner / group your questions.

    3. GAP FILL: In pairs / groups, compare your answers to this exercise. Check your answers. Talk about the words from the activity. Were they new, interesting, worth learning…?

    4. VOCABULARY: Circle any words you do not understand. In groups, pool unknown words and use dictionaries to find their meanings.

    5. TEST EACH OTHER: Look at the words below. With your partner, try to recall how they were used in the text:

    • conducted
    • part
    • behind
    • pressure
    • 35
    • published
    • lead
    • level
    • stop
    • considered
    • develop
    • lot




    Student survey

    Write five GOOD questions about this topic in the table. Do this in pairs. Each student must write the questions on his / her own paper. When you have finished, interview other students. Write down their answers.

    (Please look at page 12 of the PDF to see a photocopiable example of this activity.)

    Discussion - Ageing Process

    STUDENT A’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student B)

    1. What did you think when you read the headline?
    2. What images are in your mind when you hear the word 'ageing'?
    3. How do you feel about ageing?
    4. What are the good things about ageing?
    5. Would you like to age at a slower rate?
    6. Do you like getting older?
    7. What is the best age to be?
    8. Would you like to take drugs to make you younger?
    9. What three adjectives best describe this story?
    10. What advice do you have for old people?

    STUDENT B’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student A)

    1. Did you like reading this article? Why/not?
    2. What do you think of when you hear the word 'reverse'?
    3. What do you think about what you read?
    4. What are the bad things about ageing?
    5. Would you like to live to be 200 years old?
    6. What is the worst age to be?
    7. How important is the scientists' research?
    8. Do you think ageing is a disease?
    9. What would happen to the world if everyone lived to be 200?
    10. What questions would you like to ask the researchers?

    Discussion — Write your own questions

    STUDENT A’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student B)

    (a) ________________

    (b) ________________

    (c) ________________

    (d) ________________

    (e) ________________

    STUDENT B’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student A)

    (f) ________________

    (g) ________________

    (h) ________________

    (i) ________________

    (j) ________________





    Language — Cloze (Gap-fill)

    Scientists in Israel say they have conducted tests (1) ____ successfully stop and reverse the biological ageing process. The tests were part of a (2) ____ project by Tel Aviv University and the Shamir Medical Center. The researchers said the science behind their experiments (3) ____ very simple - they used only oxygen to slow down and turn around what happens to cells as they age. They used high-pressure oxygen on cells (4) ____ were in a pressure chamber. The scientists said two processes related (5) ____ ageing and illnesses slowed down. The scientists did tests on 35 adults over the (6) ____ of 64 for 90 minutes a day, five times a week for three months. Their study was published in the magazine "ageing" on November the 18th.

    A lead scientist explained (7) ____ important his team's research was. Professor Shai Efrati says the study shows that the ageing process can be reversed at the cellular (8) ____. He says we may be able to stop telomeres from shortening. Telomeres are inside cells. The shorter they become, the more we (9) ____. If we can stop them getting shorter, cells will not age. Professor Efrati said: "Today telomere shortening is (10) ____ the 'Holy Grail' of the biology of ageing. Researchers around the world are trying to develop [drugs] that enable telomere (11) ____." He added: "The study gives hope, and opens the door for a lot of young scientists to target ageing (12) ____ a reversible disease."

    Which of these words go in the above text?

    1. (a)     on     (b)     by     (c)     at     (d)     to    
    2. (a)     joins     (b)     joining     (c)     jointed     (d)     joint    
    3. (a)     be     (b)     was     (c)     were     (d)     are    
    4. (a)     what     (b)     when     (c)     that     (d)     how    
    5. (a)     of     (b)     on     (c)     to     (d)     at    
    6. (a)     age     (b)     old     (c)     years     (d)     birth    
    7. (a)     what     (b)     how     (c)     that     (d)     which    
    8. (a)     level     (b)     flat     (c)     edge     (d)     border    
    9. (a)     years     (b)     age     (c)     old     (d)     ageing    
    10. (a)     belief     (b)     idea     (c)     considered     (d)     opinion    
    11. (a)     lengths     (b)     length     (c)     lengthening     (d)     longing    
    12. (a)     was     (b)     has     (c)     that's     (d)     as

    Spelling

    Paragraph 1

    1. they have dotndeccu tests
    2. the oalgibocli ageing process
    3. part of a joint jectopr
    4. they used only gxyneo
    5. in a resurspe chamber
    6. edhlubpis in the magazine "Ageing"

    Paragraph 2

    1. at the uallecrl level
    2. stop telomeres from neosnrghit
    3. ddseciorne the 'Holy Grail'
    4. trying to poevdle drugs
    5. young scientists to aretgt ageing
    6. a eiblrvrsee disease

    Put the text back together

    (...)  [drugs] that enable telomere lengthening." He added: "The study gives hope, and opens the
    (...)  age. If we can stop them getting shorter, cells will not age. Professor Efrati said: "Today telomere shortening is considered
    (...)  chamber. The scientists said two processes related to ageing and illnesses slowed
    1  ) Scientists in Israel say they have conducted tests to successfully stop and reverse the biological ageing
    (...)  times a week for three months. Their study was published in the magazine "Ageing" on November the 18th.
    (...)  down. The scientists did tests on 35 adults over the age of 64 for 90 minutes a day, five
    (...)  process. The tests were part of a joint project by Tel Aviv University and the Shamir Medical Center. The researchers said the science
    (...)  stop telomeres from shortening. Telomeres are inside cells. The shorter they become, the more we
    (...)  door for a lot of young scientists to target ageing as a reversible disease."
    (...)  A lead scientist explained how important his team's research was. Professor Shai Efrati says the study
    (...)  behind their experiments was very simple - they used only oxygen to slow down and turn
    (...)  the 'Holy Grail' of the biology of ageing. Researchers around the world are trying to develop
    (...)  shows that the ageing process can be reversed at the cellular level. He says we may be able to
    (...)  around what happens to cells at they age. They used high-pressure oxygen on cells that were in a pressure

    Put the words in the right order

    1. ageing   .   stop   to   Tests   reverse   and   successfully   the
    2. a   The   joint   of   tests   project   .   part   were
    3. very   science   experiments   their   The   was   behind   simple   .
    4. 35   did   tests   The   adults   .   on   scientists
    5. was   study   magazine   .   in   published   Their   the
    6. the   shows   can   reversed   .   ageing   process   It   be
    7. The   shorter   become,   more   the   we   they   age   .
    8. getting   shorter   .   them   If   can   we   stop
    9. trying   to   are   drugs   .   develop   worldwide   Researchers
    10. as   Young   a   reversible   scientists   ageing   disease   .   target

    Circle the correct word (20 pairs)

    Scientists in Israel say they have conducted / contracted tests to successfully stop and reserve / reverse the biological ageing process. The tests were part of a join / joint project by Tel Aviv University and the Shamir Medical Center. The researchers said the science beyond / behind their experiments was / were very simple - they used only oxygen to slow down and turn around what happens at / to cells at they age. They used high-pressure oxygen on / at cells that were in a pressure chamber. The scientists said two processes related at / to ageing and illnesses slowed down. The scientists did tests on 35 adults over the age for / of 64 for 90 minutes a day, five times a week for three months. Their study was published / publication in the magazine "Ageing" on November the 18th.

    A lead / leader scientist explained how important his team's research was. Professor Shai Efrati says the study shows what / that the ageing process can be reversed at the cellular level. He says we may be ability / able to stop telomeres from shortening. Telomeres are inside / insides cells. The shorter they become, the more we old / age. If we can stop them getting shorter / shorten, cells will not age. Professor Efrati said: "Today telomere shortening is consider / considered the 'Holy Grail' of the biology of ageing. Researchers around the world are tried / trying to develop [drugs] that enable telomere lengthening." He added: "The study gives hope / hoping, and opens the door for a lot of young scientists to target / aim ageing as a reversible disease."

    Talk about the connection between each pair of words in italics, and why the correct word is correct.

    Insert the vowels (a, e, i, o, u)

    Sc__nt_sts  _n  _sr__l  s_y  th_y  h_v_  c_nd_ct_d  t_sts  t_  s_cc_ssf_lly  st_p  _nd  r_v_rs_  th_  b__l_g_c_l  _g__ng  pr_c_ss.  Th_  t_sts  w_r_  p_rt  _f  _  j__nt  pr_j_ct  by  T_l  _v_v  _n_v_rs_ty  _nd  th_  Sh_m_r  M_d_c_l  C_nt_r.  Th_  r_s__rch_rs  s__d  th_  sc__nc_  b_h_nd  th__r  _xp_r_m_nts  w_s  v_ry  s_mpl_  -  th_y  _s_d  _nly  _xyg_n  t_  sl_w  d_wn  _nd  t_rn  _r__nd  wh_t  h_pp_ns  t_  c_lls  _t  th_y  _g_.  Th_y  _s_d  h_gh-pr_ss_r_  _xyg_n  _n  c_lls  th_t  w_r_  _n  _  pr_ss_r_  ch_mb_r.  Th_  sc__nt_sts  s__d  tw_  pr_c_ss_s  r_l_t_d  t_  _g_ng  _nd  _lln_ss_s  sl_w_d  d_wn.  Th_  sc__nt_sts  d_d  t_sts  _n  35  _d_lts  _v_r  th_  _g_  _f  64  f_r  90  m_n_t_s  _  d_y,  f_v_  t_m_s  _  w__k  f_r  thr__  m_nths.  Th__r  st_dy  w_s  p_bl_sh_d  _n  th_  m_g_z_n_  "_g_ng"  _n  N_v_mb_r  th_  18th.

    _ l__d sc__nt_st _xpl__n_d h_w _mp_rt_nt h_s t__m's r_s__rch w_s. Pr_f_ss_r Sh__ _fr_t_ s_ys th_ st_dy sh_ws th_t th_ _g__ng pr_c_ss c_n b_ r_v_rs_d _t th_ c_ll_l_r l_v_l. H_ s_ys w_ m_y b_ _bl_ t_ st_p t_l_m_r_s fr_m sh_rt_n_ng. T_l_m_r_s _r_ _ns_d_ c_lls. Th_ sh_rt_r th_y b_c_m_, th_ m_r_ w_ _g_. _f w_ c_n st_p th_m g_tt_ng sh_rt_r, c_lls w_ll n_t _g_. Pr_f_ss_r _fr_t_ s__d: "T_d_y t_l_m_r_ sh_rt_n_ng _s c_ns_d_r_d th_ 'H_ly Gr__l' _f th_ b__l_gy _f _g__ng. R_s__rch_rs _r__nd th_ w_rld _r_ try_ng t_ d_v_l_p [dr_gs] th_t _n_bl_ t_l_m_r_ l_ngth_n_ng." H_ _dd_d: "Th_ st_dy g_v_s h_p_, _nd _p_ns th_ d__r f_r _ l_t _f y__ng sc__nt_sts t_ t_rg_t _g__ng _s _ r_v_rs_bl_ d_s__s_."

    Punctuate the text and add capitals

    scientists in israel say they have conducted tests to successfully stop and reverse the biological ageing process the tests were part of a joint project by tel aviv university and the shamir medical center the researchers said the science behind their experiments was very simple they used only oxygen to slow down and turn around what happens to cells at they age they used highpressure oxygen on cells that were in a pressure chamber the scientists said two processes related to ageing and illnesses slowed down the scientists did tests on 35 adults over the age of 64 for 90 minutes a day five times a week for three months their study was published in the magazine ageing on november the 18th

    a lead scientist explained how important his teams research was professor shai efrati says the study shows that the ageing process can be reversed at the cellular level he says we may be able to stop telomeres from shortening telomeres are inside cells the shorter they become the more we age if we can stop them getting shorter cells will not age professor efrati said today telomere shortening is considered the holy grail of the biology of ageing researchers around the world are trying to develop drugs that enable telomere lengthening he added the study gives hope and opens the door for a lot of young scientists to target ageing as a reversible disease

    Put a slash (/) where the spaces are

    ScientistsinIsraelsaytheyhaveconductedteststosuccessfullystopan
    dreversethebiologicalageingprocess.Thetestswerepartofajointproje
    ctbyTelAvivUniversityandtheShamirMedicalCenter.Theresearchers
    saidthesciencebehindtheirexperimentswasverysimple-theyusedo
    nlyoxygentoslowdownandturnaroundwhathappenstocellsastheyag
    e.Theyusedhigh-pressureoxygenoncellsthatwereinapressurecha
    mber.Thescientistssaidtwoprocessesrelatedtoageingandillnessessl
    oweddown.Thescientistsdidtestson35adultsovertheageof64for90m
    inutesaday,fivetimesaweekforthreemonths.Theirstudywaspublishe
    dinthemagazine"Ageing"onNovemberthe18th.Aleadscientistexplai
    nedhowimportanthisteam'sresearchwas.ProfessorShaiEfratisaysth
    estudyshowsthattheageingprocesscanbereversedatthecellularlevel
    .Hesayswemaybeabletostoptelomeresfromshortening.Telomeresar
    einsidecells.Theshortertheybecome,themoreweage.Ifwecanstopth
    emgettingshorter,cellswillnotage.ProfessorEfratisaid:"Todaytelom
    ereshorteningisconsideredthe'HolyGrail'ofthebiologyofageing.Rese
    archersaroundtheworldaretryingtodevelop[drugs]thatenabletelom
    erelengthening."Headded:"Thestudygiveshope,andopensthedoorfo
    ralotofyoungscientiststotargetageingasareversibledisease."

    Free writing

    Write about ageing for 10 minutes. Comment on your partner’s paper.

    _____________________________________________________________________________

    _____________________________________________________________________________

    _____________________________________________________________________________

    _____________________________________________________________________________

    _____________________________________________________________________________

    _____________________________________________________________________________

    _____________________________________________________________________________

    _____________________________________________________________________________

    _____________________________________________________________________________

     

    Academic writing

    It is better to let people age naturally than to slow ageing down. Discuss.

    _____________________________________________________________________________

    _____________________________________________________________________________

    _____________________________________________________________________________

    _____________________________________________________________________________

    _____________________________________________________________________________

    _____________________________________________________________________________

    _____________________________________________________________________________

    _____________________________________________________________________________

    _____________________________________________________________________________

     

    Homework

    1. VOCABULARY EXTENSION: Choose several of the words from the text. Use a dictionary or Google's search field (or another search engine) to build up more associations / collocations of each word.
    2. INTERNET: Search the Internet and find out more about this news story. Share what you discover with your partner(s) in the next lesson.
    3. AGEING: Make a poster about ageing. Show your work to your classmates in the next lesson. Did you all have similar things?
    4. TWO HUNDRED: Write a magazine article about slowing down ageing so we can all live to be 200 years old. Include imaginary interviews with people who are for and against this.
    Read what you wrote to your classmates in the next lesson. Write down any new words and expressions you hear from your partner(s).
    5. WHAT HAPPENED NEXT? Write a newspaper article about the next stage in this news story. Read what you wrote to your classmates in the next lesson. Give each other feedback on your articles.
    6. LETTER: Write a letter to an expert on ageing. Ask him/her three questions about it. Give him/her three of your opinions on reversing ageing. Read your letter to your partner(s) in your next lesson. Your partner(s) will answer your questions.

    Answers

    (Please look at page 26 of the PDF to see a photocopiable example of this activity.)

    Help Support This Web Site

    • Please consider helping Breaking News English.com

    Sean Banville's Book

    Thank You