The Reading / Listening - Insect Pain - Level 3

New research shows that insects feel pain. The researchers say it isn't the same kind of pain that humans feel. The pain that insects feel is a sensation that is like pain. The research was conducted at the University of Sydney in Australia. Professor Greg Neely, co-author of the research report, said: "People don't really think of insects as feeling any kind of pain, but it's already been shown in lots of different invertebrate animals that they can sense and avoid dangerous [things] that we [think of] as painful." He added: "We knew that insects could sense 'pain' but what we didn't know is that an injury could lead to long-lasting hyper-sensitivity...in a similar way to human patients' experiences."



The researchers looked at how fruit flies reacted to injuries. The scientists damaged one leg on the flies and allowed the leg to heal. They found that after the leg fully healed, the flies became more sensitive and tried harder to protect their legs. Professor Neely said the pain the flies felt stayed in their memory and this changed their behaviour. He said: "After the [insect] is hurt once badly, they are hypersensitive and try to protect themselves for the rest of their lives." Neely says he hopes to carry out more research to better understand how humans feel pain. He said: "We are focused on making new stem cell therapies or drugs that target the underlying cause and stop pain for good."

Try the same news story at these easier levels:

    Insect Pain - Level 0 Insect Pain - Level 1   or  Insect Pain - Level 2

Sources
  • https://www.studyfinds.org/do-bugs-feel-pain-insects-battle-chronic-pain-after-suffering-injury/
  • https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2019/07/190712120244.htm
  • https://www.sciencetimes.com/articles/23350/20190713/first-genetic-evidence-insects-experience-chronic-pain-revealed.htm


Make sure you try all of the online activities for this reading and listening - There are dictations, multiple choice, drag and drop activities, crosswords, hangman, flash cards, matching activities and a whole lot more. Please enjoy :-)



Warm-ups

1. INSECT PAIN: Students walk around the class and talk to other students about insect pain. Change partners often and share your findings.
2. CHAT: In pairs / groups, talk about these topics or words from the article. What will the article say about them? What can you say about these words and your life?
       research / insects / pain / sensation / animals / dangerous / injury / human / patients
       fruit flies / scientists / heal / leg / behaviour / memory / protect / stem cell / therapies
Have a chat about the topics you liked. Change topics and partners frequently.
3. PAIN: Students A strongly believe pain is useful; Students B strongly believe it isn't.  Change partners again and talk about your conversations.
4. FEELINGS: What kind of feelings might insects have? How do they show this? Complete this table with your partner(s). Change partners often and share what you wrote.

 

How Insects Show This

Insects That Show This Most

Pain

 

 

Love

 

 

Fear

 

 

Anger

 

 

Friendliness

 

 

Aggression

 

 

MY e-BOOK
ESL resource book with copiable worksheets and handouts - 1,000 Ideas and Activities for Language Teachers / English teachers
See a sample

5. HUMAN: Spend one minute writing down all of the different words you associate with the word "human". Share your words with your partner(s) and talk about them. Together, put the words into different categories.
6. INSECTS: Rank these with your partner. Put the best insects at the top. Change partners often and share your rankings.

  • cockroaches
  • mosquitos
  • bees
  • grasshoppers
  • fruit flies
  • ants
  • butterflies
  • worms

 

Vocabulary

    Paragraph 1

      1. sensation a. Feel that something is happening.
      2. conducted b. A writer of a book, article, or report.
      3. author c. Organized and carried out.
      4. invertebrate d. An instance of the body being harmed or damaged.
      5. sense e. A physical feeling from something that happens to or comes into contact with the body.
      6. avoid f. An animal with no backbone.
      7. injury g. Keep away from or stop oneself from doing something.

    Paragraph 2

      8. reacted h. The part of the brain that stores and remembers information.
      9. heal i. Paid a lot of attention to.
      10. sensitive j. Keep safe from harm or injury.
      11. memory k. Make an injury healthy again.
      12. protect l. The treatment of mental problems by speaking to people.
      13. focused on m. Respond or behave in a particular way in response to something.
      14. therapy n. Easily damaged, injured, or worried by small changes.

 

Before reading / listening

1. TRUE / FALSE: Read the headline. Guess if 1-8 below are true (T) or false (F).

  1. Insects feel the same kind of pain as humans feel.     T / F
  2. The research was conducted at a university in Austria.     T / F
  3. The article mentioned animals that do not have a backbone.     T / F
  4. Insects do not experience any form of long-lasting hyper-sensitivity.     T / F
  5. Scientists damaged the legs of fruit flies to test whether they feel pain.    T / F
  6. Flies were more sensitive after injuries and tried to protect injured parts. T / F
  7. The article said insects quickly lose their sensitivity after injuries.     T / F
  8. A researcher hopes his work on insects will stop pain in humans.     T / F

2. SYNONYM MATCH: Match the following synonyms from the article.

  1. kind
  2. sensation
  3. conducted
  4. animals
  5. similar
  6. reacted
  7. healed
  8. hurt
  9. drugs
  10. cause
  1. injured
  2. comparable
  3. reason
  4. feeling
  5. responded
  6. creatures
  7. type
  8. medicines
  9. got better
  10. carried out

3. PHRASE MATCH: (Sometimes more than one choice is possible.)

  1. the same kind of pain that
  2. co-author of
  3. they can sense and
  4. an injury could lead to long-lasting
  5. in a similar
  6. researchers looked at how fruit flies
  7. allowed the leg
  8. the pain the flies felt stayed
  9. for the rest
  10. making new stem cell therapies
  1. to heal
  2. hyper-sensitivity
  3. or drugs
  4. humans feel
  5. of their lives
  6. avoid dangerous things
  7. reacted to injuries
  8. way
  9. in their memory
  10. the research

Gap fill

Put these words into the spaces in the paragraph below.
painful
kind
similar
already
conducted
injury
sense
author

New research shows that insects feel pain. The researchers say it isn't the same (1) ____________ of pain that humans feel. The pain that insects feel is a sensation that is like pain. The research was (2) ____________ at the University of Sydney in Australia. Professor Greg Neely, co-(3) ____________ of the research report, said: "People don't really think of insects as feeling any kind of pain, but it's (4) ____________ been shown in lots of different invertebrate animals that they can (5) ____________ and avoid dangerous [things] that we [think of] as (6) ____________." He added: "We knew that insects could sense 'pain' but what we didn't know is that an (7) ____________ could lead to long-lasting hyper-sensitivity...in a (8) ____________ way to human patients' experiences."

Put these words into the spaces in the paragraph below.
healed
drugs
reacted
cause
badly
allowed
memory
rest

The researchers looked at how fruit flies (9) ____________ to injuries. The scientists damaged one leg on fruit flies and (10) ____________ the leg to heal. They found that after the leg fully (11) ____________, the flies became more sensitive and tried harder to protect their legs. Professor Neely said the pain the flies felt stayed in their (12) ____________ and this changed their behaviour. He said: "After the [insect] is hurt once (13) ____________, they are hypersensitive and try to protect themselves for the (14) ____________ of their lives." Neely says he hopes to carry out more research to better understand how humans feel pain. He said: "We are focused on making new stem cell therapies or (15) ____________ that target the underlying (16) ____________ and stop pain for good."

Listening — Guess the answers. Listen to check.

1)  The pain that insects feel is a sensation that ______
     a.  is liked pain
     b.  is likes pain
     c.  is likely pain
     d.  is like pain
2)  People don't really think of insects as feeling ______ pain
     a.  any kind of
     b.  any kindred of
     c.  any kinder of
     d.  any kindly of
3)  lots of different invertebrate animals that they can sense ______ things
     a.  and avoids dangerous
     b.  and avoid dangerous
     c.  and avoid dangers
     d.  and avoids dangers
4)  We knew that insects could sense 'pain' but what we didn't know is that ______
     a.  and injury could
     b.  an injuries could
     c.  an injury could
     d.  and injurious could
5)  lead to long-lasting hyper-sensitivity...in a similar way to human ______
     a.  patience experiences
     b.  patients' experience is
     c.  patients' experiences
     d.  patience experience is

6)  The researchers looked at how fruit flies ______
     a.  react it two injuries
     b.  reacted to injuries
     c.  reacted too injuries
     d.  react it to injuries
7)  The scientists damaged one leg on fruit flies and allowed the ______
     a.  leg to hail
     b.  leg to feel
     c.  leg to heel
     d.  leg to heal
8)  the flies became more sensitive and tried harder to ______
     a.  protect the legs
     b.  protect they're legs
     c.  protect there legs
     d.  protect their legs
9)  they are hypersensitive and try to protect themselves for the ______ lives
     a.  rest of their
     b.  lest of their
     c.  best of their
     d.  west of their
10)  We are focused on making new stem cell ______ drugs
     a.  therapy sore
     b.  therapy soar
     c.  therapies or
     d.  therapy or

Listening — Listen and fill in the gaps

New research shows that insects feel pain. The researchers say it isn't the (1) ___________________ pain that humans feel. The pain that insects feel is a sensation that is like pain. The research (2) ___________________ the University of Sydney in Australia. Professor Greg Neely, co-author of the research report, said: "People don't (3) ___________________ insects as feeling any kind of pain, but it's already been shown in lots of different invertebrate animals that they can (4) ___________________ dangerous [things] that we [think of] as painful." He added: "We knew that insects could sense 'pain' but what we didn't know is (5) ___________________ could lead to long-lasting hyper-sensitivity... (6) ___________________ way to human patients' experiences."

The researchers looked at how (7) ___________________ to injuries. The scientists damaged one leg on fruit flies and allowed the leg to heal. They found that after the (8) ___________________, the flies became more sensitive and tried harder to protect their legs. Professor Neely said the pain the flies felt stayed (9) ___________________ and this changed their behaviour. He said: "After the [insect] is hurt once badly, they are hypersensitive and (10) ___________________ themselves for the rest of their lives." Neely says he hopes to carry out more research to better understand how (11) ___________________. He said: "We are focused on making new stem cell therapies or drugs (12) ___________________ underlying cause and stop pain for good."

Comprehension questions

  1. What kind of pain did the article say insects felt?
  2. At which university was this research carried out?
  3. Who is Greg Neely?
  4. What kind of animals did the article say avoided dangerous things?
  5. What long-lasting thing could an injury lead to in insects?
  6. What kind of insects did researchers use in their research?
  7. What part of the insects' body did researchers harm?
  8. What did the insects do to their injured body parts after they healed?
  9. For how long do insects protect themselves after being injured?
  10. What does a researcher want to stop for good?




Multiple choice quiz

1) What kind of pain did the article say insects felt?
a) severe pain
b) mild pain
c) a sensation like pain
d) an imagined pain
2) At which university was this research carried out?
a) University of Sydney
b) University of Tokyo
c) University of London
d) University of Brasilia
3) Who is Greg Neely?
a) an insect rights activist
b) an insect expert
c) a beetle collector
d) a professor
4) What kind of animals did the article say avoided dangerous things?
a) marsupials
b) invertebrate animals
c) jellyfish
d) elephants
5) What long-lasting thing could an injury lead to in insects?
a) fear
b) stronger legs
c) hyper-sensitivity
d) increased aggression

6) What kind of insects did researchers use in their research?
a) honey bees
b) fruit flies
c) ants
d) silkworms
7) What part of the insects' body did researchers harm?
a) their stomachs
b) their tails
c) their wings
d) their legs
8) What did the insects do to their injured body parts after they healed?
a) grow hair on them
b) protect them
c) let them go
d) make them stronger
9) For how long do insects protect themselves after being injured?
a) for the rest of their lives
b) a few seconds
c) hours
d) a week or two
10) What does a researcher want to stop for good?
a) pain in insects
b) injuries to insects
c) experiments on insects
d) pain in humans

Role play

Role  A – Bees
You think bees are the best insects. Tell the others three reasons why. Tell them what is wrong with their insects. Also, tell the others which is the worst of these (and why): ants, worms or spiders.

Role  B – Ants
You think ants are the best insects. Tell the others three reasons why. Tell them what is wrong with their insects. Also, tell the others which is the worst of these (and why): bees, worms or spiders.

Role  C – Worms
You think worms are the best insects. Tell the others three reasons why. Tell them what is wrong with their insects. Also, tell the others which is the worst of these (and why): ants, bees or spiders.

Role  D – Spiders
You think spiders are the best insects. Tell the others three reasons why. Tell them what is wrong with their insects. Also, tell the others which is the worst of these (and why): ants, worms or bees.

After reading / listening

1. WORD SEARCH: Look in your dictionary / computer to find collocates, other meanings, information, synonyms … for the words...

'insect'

  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • and 'pain'.

  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • • Share your findings with your partners.

    • Make questions using the words you found.

    • Ask your partner / group your questions.

    2. ARTICLE QUESTIONS: Look back at the article and write down some questions you would like to ask the class about the text.

    •Share your questions with other classmates / groups. •Ask your partner / group your questions.

    3. GAP FILL: In pairs / groups, compare your answers to this exercise. Check your answers. Talk about the words from the activity. Were they new, interesting, worth learning…?

    4. VOCABULARY: Circle any words you do not understand. In groups, pool unknown words and use dictionaries to find their meanings.

    5. TEST EACH OTHER: Look at the words below. With your partner, try to recall how they were used in the text:

    • fruit
    • fully
    • memory
    • once
    • carry
    • good
    • same
    • conducted
    • think
    • lots
    • added
    • long




    Student survey

    Write five GOOD questions about this topic in the table. Do this in pairs. Each student must write the questions on his / her own paper. When you have finished, interview other students. Write down their answers.

    (Please look at page 12 of the PDF to see a photocopiable example of this activity.)

    Discussion - Insects really feel pain, says new research

    STUDENT A’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student B)

    1. What did you think when you read the headline?
    2. What images are in your mind when you hear the word 'pain'?
    3. What kind of pain do you think insects feel?
    4. Do you harm or kill insects?
    5. When was the last time you were in pain?
    6. Has an insect ever caused you pain?
    7. What other feelings do insects have?
    8. How intelligent are insects?
    9. What are your favourite insects?
    10. How useful do you think this research is?

    STUDENT B’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student A)

    1. Did you like reading this article? Why/not?
    2. What do you think of when you hear the word 'insect'?
    3. What do you think about what you read?
    4. How bad is it to harm insects?
    5. Should people never kill insects?
    6. What are the scariest insects?
    7. Should scientists create drugs to stop insects' pain?
    8. What do you do when you feel pain?
    9. Will you care more for insects after reading this?
    10. What questions would you like to ask the researchers?

    Discussion — Write your own questions

    STUDENT A’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student B)

    (a) ________________

    (b) ________________

    (c) ________________

    (d) ________________

    (e) ________________

    STUDENT B’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student A)

    (f) ________________

    (g) ________________

    (h) ________________

    (i) ________________

    (j) ________________





    Language — Cloze (Gap-fill)

    New research shows that insects feel pain. The researchers say it isn't the (1) ____ kind of pain that humans feel. The pain (2) ____ insects feel is a sensation that is like pain. The research was conducted at the University of Sydney in Australia. Professor Greg Neely, (3) ____-author of the research report, said: "People don't really think of insects as feeling any kind of pain, but it's already been shown in lots of different invertebrate animals that they can (4) ____ and avoid dangerous [things] that we [think of] as painful." He added: "We knew that insects could sense 'pain' but what we didn't know is that an (5) ____ could lead to long-lasting hyper-sensitivity...in a similar (6) ____ to human patients' experiences."

    The researchers looked at how fruit flies (7) ____ to injuries. The scientists damaged one leg on fruit flies and allowed the leg to heal. They found that after the leg (8) ____ healed, the flies became more sensitive and tried harder to protect their legs. Professor Neely said the pain the flies felt stayed in their (9) ____ and this changed their behaviour. He said: "After the [insect] is hurt once (10) ____, they are hypersensitive and try to protect themselves for the rest of their lives." Neely says he hopes to carry (11) ____ more research to better understand how humans feel pain. He said: "We are focused on making new stem cell therapies or drugs that (12) ____ the underlying cause and stop pain for good."

    Which of these words go in the above text?

    1. (a)     sameness     (b)     similarity     (c)     same     (d)     sample    
    2. (a)     that     (b)     what     (c)     hat     (d)     thus    
    3. (a)     co     (b)     no     (c)     do     (d)     to    
    4. (a)     sense     (b)     scents     (c)     seance     (d)     scants    
    5. (a)     injured     (b)     injury     (c)     jury     (d)     injurious    
    6. (a)     allow     (b)     which     (c)     thought     (d)     way    
    7. (a)     rejected     (b)     rejoiced     (c)     reacted     (d)     reached    
    8. (a)     felled     (b)     fall     (c)     filled     (d)     fully    
    9. (a)     memory     (b)     remember     (c)     memorize     (d)     member    
    10. (a)     oddly     (b)     badly     (c)     goodly     (d)     sadly    
    11. (a)     up     (b)     out     (c)     in     (d)     down    
    12. (a)     aim     (b)     goal     (c)     target     (d)     focus

    Spelling

    Paragraph 1

    1. a oenntsias that is like pain
    2. co-utraoh of the research report
    3. dvaio dangerous things
    4. insects could sesne 'pain'
    5. in a msairil way
    6. human patients' prcexinseee

    Paragraph 2

    1. how fruit flies reacted to sriuniej
    2. the flies became more vsiitnese
    3. tried harder to ctorpte their legs
    4. stayed in their mroyme
    5. pehreaits or drugs
    6. arettg the underlying cause

    Put the text back together

    (...)  University of Sydney in Australia. Professor Greg Neely, co-author of the research report, said: "People don't really
    (...)  on making new stem cell therapies or drugs that target the underlying cause and stop pain for good."
    (...)  animals that they can sense and avoid dangerous [things] that we [think of] as painful." He added: "We knew
    (...)  think of insects as feeling any kind of pain, but it's already been shown in lots of different invertebrate
    (...)  flies and allowed the leg to heal. They found that after the leg fully healed, the flies became more
    1  ) New research shows that insects feel pain. The researchers say it isn't the same kind of pain that humans
    (...)  The researchers looked at how fruit flies reacted to injuries. The scientists damaged one leg on fruit
    (...)  that insects could sense 'pain' but what we didn't know is that an injury could lead to long-
    (...)  sensitive and tried harder to protect their legs. Professor Neely said the pain the flies felt stayed in their
    (...)  memory and this changed their behaviour. He said: "After the [insect] is hurt once badly, they are hypersensitive and try to
    (...)  lasting hyper-sensitivity...in a similar way to human patients' experiences."
    (...)  protect themselves for the rest of their lives." Neely says he hopes to carry
    (...)  feel. The pain that insects feel is a sensation that is like pain. The research was conducted at the
    (...)  out more research to better understand how humans feel pain. He said: "We are focused

    Put the words in the right order

    1. of   same   pain   kind   humans   that   The   feel   .
    2. pain   insects   a   that   feel   sensation   .   The   is
    3. lots   of   different   in   animals   .   invertebrate   Shown
    4. long-lasting   An   to   lead   injury   hyper-sensitivity   .   could
    5. human   a   patients'   similar   to   In   experiences   .   way
    6. reacted   to   Looked   how   at   injuries   .   flies   fruit
    7. on   one   scientists   leg   fruit   flies   .   damaged   The
    8. themselves   of   rest   for   their   the   lives   .   Protect
    9. feel   to   Research   pain   .   understand   humans   how   better
    10. that   underlying   Therapies   the   or   drugs   target   cause   .

    Circle the correct word (20 pairs)

    New research shows that insect / insects feel pain. The researchers say it isn't the same / similar kind of pain that humans feel. The pain that insects feel is a sensation / sensational that is like pain. The research was conduction / conducted at the University of Sydney in Australia. Professor Greg Neely, co-author of the research report, said: "People don't really think of insects was / as feeling any kind of pain, but it's already been shown / showing in lots of different invertebrate animals that they can sense / scents and avoid dangerous [things] that we [think of] as painful / pained." He added: "We knew that insects could sense 'pain' but what we didn't know is that an injury / injured could lead to long-lasting hyper-sensitivity...in a same / similar way to human patients' experiences."

    The researchers looked at how fruity / fruit flies reacted to injuries. The scientists damaged / damaging one leg on fruit flies and allowed the leg to heel / heal. They found that after the leg fully / full healed, the flies became more sensitive and tried harder to project / protect their legs. Professor Neely said the pain the flies felt stayed in their remember / memory and this changed their behaviour. He said: "After the [insect] is hurt once badly, they are hypersensitive and try to protect themselves for the lest / rest of their lives." Neely says he hopes to carry up / out more research to better understand how humans feel pain. He said: "We are hocus pocus / focused on making new stem cell therapies or drugs that target the underlying cause and stop paining / pain for good."

    Talk about the connection between each pair of words in italics, and why the correct word is correct.

    Insert the vowels (a, e, i, o, u)

    N_w r_s__ r c h s h_w s t h_t _n s_c t s f__ l p__ n . T h_ r_s__ r c h_r s s_y _t _s n ' t t h_ s_m_ k_n d _f p__ n t h_t h_m_n s f__ l . T h_ p__ n t h_t _n s_c t s f__ l _s _ s_n s_t__ n t h_t _s l_k_ p__ n . T h_ r_s__ r c h w_s c_n d_c t_d _t t h_ U n_v_r s_t y _f S y d n_y _n A_s t r_l__ . P r_f_s s_r G r_g N__ l y , c_-__ t h_r _f t h_ r_s__ r c h r_p_r t , s__ d : " P__ p l_ d_n ' t r__ l l y t h_n k _f _n s_c t s _s f__ l_n g _n y k_n d _f p__ n , b_t _t ' s _l r__ d y b__ n s h_w n _n l_t s _f d_f f_r_n t _n v_r t_b r_t_ _n_m_l s t h_t t h_y c_n s_n s_ _n d _v__ d d_n g_r__ s [ t h_n g s ] t h_t w_ [ t h_n k _f ] _s p__ n f_l . " H_ _d d_d : " W_ k n_w t h_t _n s_c t s c__ l d s_n s_ ' p__ n ' b_t w h_t w_ d_d n ' t k n_w _s t h_t _n _n j_r y c__ l d l__ d t_ l_n g - l_s t_n g h y p_r - s_n s_t_v_t y . . ._n _ s_m_l_r w_y t_ h_m_n p_t__ n t s ' _x p_r__ n c_s . "

    T h_ r_s__ r c h_r s l__ k_d _t h_w f r__ t f l__ s r__ c t_d t_ _n j_r__ s . T h_ s c__ n t_s t s d_m_g_d _n_ l_g _n f r__ t f l__ s _n d _l l_w_d t h_ l_g t_ h__ l . T h_y f__ n d t h_t _f t_r t h_ l_g f_l l y h__ l_d , t h_ f l__ s b_c_m_ m_r_ s_n s_t_v_ _n d t r__ d h_r d_r t_ p r_t_c t t h__ r l_g s . P r_f_s s_r N__ l y s__ d t h_ p__ n t h_ f l__ s f_l t s t_y_d _n t h__ r m_m_r y _n d t h_s c h_n g_d t h__ r b_h_v___r . H_ s__ d : " A f t_r t h_ [_n s_c t ] _s h_r t _n c_ b_d l y , t h_y _r_ h y p_r s_n s_t_v_ _n d t r y t_ p r_t_c t t h_m s_l v_s f_r t h_ r_s t _f t h__ r l_v_s . " N__ l y s_y s h_ h_p_s t_ c_r r y __ t m_r_ r_s__ r c h t_ b_t t_r _n d_r s t_n d h_w h_m_n s f__ l p__ n . H_ s__ d : " W_ _r_ f_c_s_d _n m_k_n g n_w s t_m c_l l t h_r_p__ s _r d r_g s t h_t t_r g_t t h_ _n d_r l y_n g c__ s_ _n d s t_p p__ n f_r g__ d . "

    Punctuate the text and add capitals

    new research shows that insects feel pain the researchers say it isnt the same kind of pain that humans feel the pain that insects feel is a sensation that is like pain the research was conducted at the university of sydney in australia professor greg neely coauthor of the research report said people dont really think of insects as feeling any kind of pain but its already been shown in lots of different invertebrate animals that they can sense and avoid dangerous things that we think of as painful he added we knew that insects could sense pain but what we didnt know is that an injury could lead to longlasting hypersensitivity in a similar way to human patients experiences

    the researchers looked at how fruit flies reacted to injuries the scientists damaged one leg on fruit flies and allowed the leg to heal they found that after the leg fully healed the flies became more sensitive and tried harder to protect their legs professor neely said the pain the flies felt stayed in their memory and this changed their behaviour he said after the insect is hurt once badly they are hypersensitive and try to protect themselves for the rest of their lives neely says he hopes to carry out more research to better understand how humans feel pain he said we are focused on making new stem cell therapies or drugs that target the underlying cause and stop pain for good"

    Put a slash (/) where the spaces are

    Newresearchshowsthatinsectsfeelpain.Theresearcherssayitisn'tthe
    samekindofpainthathumansfeel.Thepainthatinsectsfeelisasensatio
    nthatislikepain.TheresearchwasconductedattheUniversityofSydney
    inAustralia.ProfessorGregNeely,co-authoroftheresearchreport,sa
    id:"Peopledon'treallythinkofinsectsasfeelinganykindofpain,butit'sal
    readybeenshowninlotsofdifferentinvertebrateanimalsthattheycans
    enseandavoiddangerous[things]thatwe[thinkof]aspainful."Headde
    d:"Weknewthatinsectscouldsense'pain'butwhatwedidn'tknowisthat
    aninjurycouldleadtolong-lastinghyper-sensitivity...inasimilarwayto
    humanpatients'experiences."Theresearcherslookedathowfruitfliesr
    eactedtoinjuries.Thescientistsdamagedonelegonthefliesandallowed
    thelegtoheal.Theyfoundthatafterthelegfullyhealed,thefliesbecame
    moresensitiveandtriedhardertoprotecttheirlegs.ProfessorNeelysaid
    thepainthefliesfeltstayedintheirmemoryandthischangedtheirbehavi
    our.Hesaid:"Afterthe[insect]ishurtoncebadly,theyarehypersensitiv
    eandtrytoprotectthemselvesfortherestoftheirlives."Neelysaysheho
    pestocarryoutmoreresearchtobetterunderstandhowhumansfeelpai
    n.Hesaid:"Wearefocusedonmakingnewstemcelltherapiesordrugsth
    attargettheunderlyingcauseandstoppainforgood."

    Free writing

    Write about insect pain for 10 minutes. Comment on your partner’s paper.

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    Academic writing

    What are the three best ways of dealing with pain? Is pain useful?

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    Homework

    1. VOCABULARY EXTENSION: Choose several of the words from the text. Use a dictionary or Google's search field (or another search engine) to build up more associations / collocations of each word.
    2. INTERNET: Search the Internet and find out more about this news story. Share what you discover with your partner(s) in the next lesson.
    3. INSECT PAIN: Make a poster about insect pain. Show your work to your classmates in the next lesson. Did you all have similar things?
    4. INSECT RESEARCH: Write a magazine article about we shouldn't be spending money on researching insects. Include imaginary interviews with people who are for and against this.
    Read what you wrote to your classmates in the next lesson. Write down any new words and expressions you hear from your partner(s).
    5. WHAT HAPPENED NEXT? Write a newspaper article about the next stage in this news story. Read what you wrote to your classmates in the next lesson. Give each other feedback on your articles.
    6. LETTER: Write a letter to an expert on insect pain. Ask him/her three questions about it. Give him/her three of your ideas on what we can learn from this study. Read your letter to your partner(s) in your next lesson. Your partner(s) will answer your questions.

    Answers

    (Please look at page 26 of the PDF to see a photocopiable example of this activity.)

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