The Reading / Listening - Malnutrition - Level 6

A new report shows that no country in Africa will meet goals set to end childhood malnutrition by the year 2030. That target was set by the United Nations in 2015 as a Sustainable Development Goal. The UN adopted a set of goals, "to end poverty, protect the planet and ensure prosperity for all as part of a new sustainable development agenda". The new report is published in the journal Nature. It identifies poor child nutrition and low levels of education across 51 African countries. These were key factors in countries battling to provide children with sufficient food. Researcher Simon Hay said the goal of ending childhood malnutrition was always an "aspirational" target. He said: "This aspiration is very, very far away."



There was some good news in the report. It highlighted the fact that many African nations, including Ghana and Nigeria, have shown signs of improvement in childhood development since the year 2000. However, it is a different story for countries like Chad, Central African Republic and Eritrea. The report indicates that malnutrition remained "persistently high" in 14 countries between Senegal in the west and Somalia in the east. Many of these countries have experienced war, famine and mass migration, all of which have put massive strains on health and agriculture. One researcher said considerable investment was needed in health and infrastructure in order to address "serious inequalities".

Try the same news story at these easier levels:

    Malnutrition - Level 4  or  Malnutrition - Level 5

Sources
  • https://www.theguardian.com/global-development/2018/mar/01/no-african-country-will-end-child-malnutrition-by-2030-says-study
  • http://www.bbc.com/news/science-environment-43173614
  • http://www.africanews.com/2018/02/19/millions-of-africans-suffering-from-malnutrition-as-effects-of-climate-change/


Make sure you try all of the online activities for this reading and listening - There are dictations, multiple choice, drag and drop activities, crosswords, hangman, flash cards, matching activities and a whole lot more. Please enjoy :-)



Warm-ups

1. MALNUTRITION: Students walk around the class and talk to other students about malnutrition. Change partners often and share your findings.
2. CHAT: In pairs / groups, talk about these topics or words from the article. What will the article say about them? What can you say about these words and your life?
       report / goals / target / poverty / development / agenda / journal / education / far /
       childhood / story / malnutrition / west / east / war / famine / migration / health
Have a chat about the topics you liked. Change topics and partners frequently.
3. NO HUNGER: Students A strongly believe there will be no hunger in the world one day; Students B strongly believe that will never happen.  Change partners again and talk about your conversations.
4. DEVELOPMENT GOALS: How can we achieve these goals? What obstacles ere there? Complete this table with your partner(s). Change partners often and share what you wrote.


Goals

How to achieve this

Obstacles

End poverty

 

 

Ensure prosperity

 

 

Provide education

 

 

Provide clean water

 

 

Reduce inequality

 

 

Reduce child labour

 

 

MY e-BOOK
ESL resource book with copiable worksheets and handouts - 1,000 Ideas and Activities for Language Teachers / English teachers
See a sample

5. CHILDHOOD: Spend one minute writing down all of the different words you associate with the word "childhood". Share your words with your partner(s) and talk about them. Together, put the words into different categories.
6. STRAINS: Rank these with your partner. Put the biggest strains on a country at the top. Change partners often and share your rankings.

  • poor education
  • lawlessness
  • inflation
  • ethnic tensions
  • famine
  • war
  • mass migration
  • corruption

 

Vocabulary

    Paragraph 1

      1. adopted a. The state of being extremely poor.
      2. poverty b. Of great and crucial importance.
      3. ensure c. The state of being rich.
      4. prosperity d. Make certain that something will happen or be so.
      5. key e. Taken up or started to use or follow an idea, method, or course of action.
      6. sufficient f. A hope or ambition of achieving something.
      7. aspiration g. Enough.

    Paragraph 2

      8. highlighted h. Very, very, very big.
      9. indicates i. Pick out and emphasize for others to easily see or understand.
      10. persistently j. Movement of people to a new area or country in order to find work or better living conditions.
      11. famine k. Unfair differences in society based on gender, race, income, etc.
      12. migration l. Continuously; happening all the time.
      13. massive m. Extreme scarcity / lack of food.
      14. inequalities n. Shows.

 

Before reading / listening

1. TRUE / FALSE: Read the headline. Guess if a-h below are true (T) or false (F).

  1. A report says just a few African countries will meet malnutrition goals.     T / F
  2. The UN's Sustainable Development Goals were set in 2015.     T / F
  3. A report said 51 African countries suffered from low levels of education.   T / F
  4. A researcher suggested the malnutrition target was more of a hope.     T / F
  5. There was no good news regarding Nigeria and Ghana.     T / F
  6. The report said there was persistently high malnutrition in 41 nations.     T / F
  7. Many of the countries mentioned have suffered from war and famine.     T / F
  8. A researcher said increasing investment in infrastructure would not help. T / F

2. SYNONYM MATCH: Match the following synonyms from the article.

  1. shows
  2. set (verb)
  3. set (noun)
  4. key
  5. aspiration
  6. highlighted
  7. improvement
  8. persistently
  9. massive
  10. address
  1. singled out
  2. deal with
  3. hope
  4. advances
  5. decided on
  6. crucial
  7. enormous
  8. reveals
  9. continuously
  10. group

3. PHRASE MATCH: (Sometimes more than one choice is possible.)

  1. meet goals set to
  2. ensure prosperity
  3. low levels
  4. provide children
  5. always an aspirational
  6. It highlighted
  7. malnutrition remained persistently
  8. experienced war, famine and
  9. considerable investment
  10. address serious
  1. mass migration
  2. target
  3. high in 14 countries
  4. inequalities
  5. was needed in health
  6. of education
  7. the fact
  8. with sufficient food
  9. end childhood malnutrition
  10. for all

Gap fill

Put these words into the spaces in the paragraph below.
set
provide
published
aspiration
prosperity
goal
meet
levels

A new report shows that no country in Africa will (1) ____________ goals set to end childhood malnutrition by the year 2030. That target was (2) ____________ by the United Nations in 2015 as a Sustainable Development Goal. The UN adopted a set of goals, "to end poverty, protect the planet and ensure (3) ____________ for all as part of a new sustainable development agenda". The new report is (4) ____________ in the journal Nature. It identifies poor child nutrition and low (5) ____________ of education across 51 African countries. These were key factors in countries battling to (6) ____________ children with sufficient food. Researcher Simon Hay said the (7) ____________ of ending childhood malnutrition was always an "aspirational" target. He said: "This (8) ____________ is very, very far away."

Put these words into the spaces in the paragraph below.
indicates
massive
including
persistently
highlighted
address
different
famine

There was some good news in the report. It (9) ____________ the fact that many African nations, (10) ____________ Ghana and Nigeria, have shown signs of improvement in childhood development since the year 2000. However, it is a (11) ____________ story for countries like Chad, Central African Republic and Eritrea. The report (12) ____________ that malnutrition remained "(13) ____________ high" in 14 countries between Senegal in the west and Somalia in the east. Many of these countries have experienced war, (14) ____________ and mass migration, all of which have put (15) ____________ strains on health and agriculture. One researcher said considerable investment was needed in health and infrastructure in order to (16) ____________ "serious inequalities".

Listening — Guess the answers. Listen to check.

1)  A new report shows that no country in Africa ______
     a.  will met goals
     b.  will mete goals
     c.  will meet goals
     d.  will meat goals
2) protect the planet and ensure prosperity for all as part of a new sustainable ______
     a.  development agendas
     b.  development addendum
     c.  development addenda
     d.  development agenda
3)  It identifies poor child nutrition and ______ education
     a.  lowish levels of
     b.  low levels of
     c.  lol levels of
     d.  lowly levels of
4)  These were key factors in countries battling to provide children ______
     a.  with insufficient food
     b.  with sufficiently food
     c.  with insufficiently food
     d.  with sufficient food
5)  the goal of ending childhood malnutrition was always an ______
     a.  as per rational target
     b.  ass pyre rational target
     c.  aspirational target
     d.  aspire a rational target

6)  many African nations, including Ghana and Nigeria, have ______ improvement
     a.  showing signs of
     b.  show on signs of
     c.  show in signs of
     d.  shown signs of
7)  However, it is a different story for countries like Chad, Central African ______
     a.  Republican and Eritrea
     b.  Republicans and Eritrea
     c.  Republicanism and Eritrea
     d.  Republic and Eritrea
8)  The report indicates that malnutrition remained "______"
     a.  persistently high
     b.  persistence high
     c.  persistent lee high
     d.  persistence lee high
9)  Many of these countries have experienced war, famine and ______
     a.  masses migration
     b.  amass migration
     c.  mass migration
     d.  amassed migration
10)  investment was needed in health and infrastructure in order to ______ inequalities
     a.  addresses serious
     b.  addressed serious
     c.  address serious
     d.  addressing serious

Listening — Listen and fill in the gaps

A new report shows that no country in Africa (1) ___________________ set to end childhood malnutrition by the year 2030. That target was set by the United Nations in 2015 as a Sustainable Development Goal. The UN adopted a (2) ___________________, "to end poverty, protect the planet and ensure prosperity for all (3) ___________________ a new sustainable development agenda". The new report is published in the journal Nature. It identifies poor child nutrition (4) ___________________ of education across 51 African countries. These were key factors in countries (5) ___________________ children with sufficient food. Researcher Simon Hay said the goal of ending childhood malnutrition (6) ___________________ "aspirational" target. He said: "This aspiration is very, very far away."

There was some good news in the report. It (7) ___________________ that many African nations, including Ghana and Nigeria, have shown signs of improvement in childhood development since the year 2000. However, it is a different (8) ___________________ like Chad, Central African Republic and Eritrea. The (9) ___________________ malnutrition remained "persistently high" in 14 countries between Senegal in the west and Somalia in the east. Many of these countries have experienced (10) ___________________ mass migration, all of which have put (11) ___________________ health and agriculture. One researcher said considerable investment was needed in health and infrastructure in (12) ___________________ "serious inequalities".

Comprehension questions

  1. When were the malnutrition goals to be met by?
  2. When were the Sustainable Development Goals set?
  3. What did the goals aim to ensure?
  4. In how many countries were there reported low levels of education?
  5. What did a researcher say was "very, very far away"?
  6. Which two countries were singled out for good news?
  7. In how many countries was malnutrition "persistently high"?
  8. What kind of migration did the report say countries had experienced?
  9. What did a researcher say was there was a massive strain on?
  10. What did a researcher say was needed?




Multiple choice quiz

1)  When were the malnutrition goals to be met by?
a) 2040
b) 2030
c) 2080
d) 2050
2)  When were the Sustainable Development Goals set?
a) 2010
b) 2012
c) 2014
d) 2015
3) What did the goals aim to ensure?
a) prosperity
b) property
c) properly
d) propellers
4) In how many countries were there reported low levels of education?
a) 31
b) 41
c) 51
d) 61
5) What did a researcher say was "very, very far away"?
a) malnutrition
b) an aspiration
c) the next meal
d) Africa

6) Which two countries were singled out for good news?
a) Ghana and Nigeria
b) Nigeria and Eritrea
c) Eritrea and Somalia
d) Somalia and Senegal
7) In how many countries was malnutrition "persistently high"?
a) 12
b) 13
c) 14
d) 15
8) What kind of migration did the report say countries had experienced?
a) mass migration
b) immigration
c) emigration
d) varied migration
9) What did a researcher say was there was a massive strain on?
a) health and agriculture
b) education and hospitals
c) the UN
d) African countries
10) What did a researcher say was needed?
a) charity
b) rain
c) seeds
d) investment

Role play

Role  A – Famine
You think famine is the biggest obstacle to development. Tell the others three reasons why. Tell them what their things aren't as bad. Also, tell the others which is the most manageable of these (and why): mass migration, corruption or inflation.

Role  B – Mass Migration
You think mass migration is the biggest obstacle to development. Tell the others three reasons why. Tell them what their things aren't as bad. Also, tell the others which is the most manageable of these (and why): famine, corruption or inflation.

Role  C – Corruption
You think corruption is the biggest obstacle to development. Tell the others three reasons why. Tell them what their things aren't as bad. Also, tell the others which is the most manageable of these (and why): mass migration, famine or inflation.

Role  D – Inflation
You think inflation is the biggest obstacle to development. Tell the others three reasons why. Tell them what their things aren't as bad. Also, tell the others which is the most manageable of these (and why):  mass migration, corruption or famine.

After reading / listening

1. WORD SEARCH: Look in your dictionary / computer to find collocates, other meanings, information, synonyms … for the words...

'far'

  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • and 'away'.

  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • • Share your findings with your partners.

    • Make questions using the words you found.

    • Ask your partner / group your questions.

    2. ARTICLE QUESTIONS: Look back at the article and write down some questions you would like to ask the class about the text.

    •Share your questions with other classmates / groups. •Ask your partner / group your questions.

    3. GAP FILL: In pairs / groups, compare your answers to this exercise. Check your answers. Talk about the words from the activity. Were they new, interesting, worth learning…?

    4. VOCABULARY: Circle any words you do not understand. In groups, pool unknown words and use dictionaries to find their meanings.

    5. TEST EACH OTHER: Look at the words below. With your partner, try to recall how they were used in the text:

    • good
    • signs
    • different
    • 14
    • massive
    • serious
    • shows
    • adopted
    • all
    • 51
    • sufficient
    • away




    Student survey

    Write five GOOD questions about this topic in the table. Do this in pairs. Each student must write the questions on his / her own paper. When you have finished, interview other students. Write down their answers.

    (Please look at page 12 of the PDF to see a photocopiable example of this activity.)

    Discussion - Malnutrition goals in Africa 'very far away'

    STUDENT A’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student B)

    1. What did you think when you read the headline?
    2. What images are in your mind when you hear the word 'malnutrition'?
    3. Why is there malnutrition in the 21st century?
    4. What do you think of sustainable development?
    5. Will we ever be able to feed the world?
    6. How is it possible to end poverty?
    7. How can we all become prosperous?
    8. How does greed affect the world?
    9. How can we raise levels of education?
    10. What are your aspirations?

    STUDENT B’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student A)

    1. Did you like reading this article? Why/not?
    2. What do you think of when you hear the word 'poverty'?
    3. What do you think about what you read?
    4. What good news have you read about recently?
    5. How can the countries in the article be helped?
    6. What will things be like in 50 years from now?
    7. How does mass migration change a country?
    8. Is investment in health the answer?
    9. What serious inequalities exist in your country?
    10. What questions would you like to ask the researchers?

    Discussion — Write your own questions

    STUDENT A’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student B)

    (a) ________________

    (b) ________________

    (c) ________________

    (d) ________________

    (e) ________________

    STUDENT B’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student A)

    (f) ________________

    (g) ________________

    (h) ________________

    (i) ________________

    (j) ________________





    Language — Cloze (Gap-fill)

    A new report shows that no country in Africa will meet goals (1) _____ to end childhood malnutrition by the year 2030. That target was (2) _____ by the United Nations in 2015 as a Sustainable Development Goal. The UN adopted a (3) _____ of goals, "to end poverty, protect the planet and ensure (4) _____ for all as part of a new sustainable development agenda". The new report is published in the journal Nature. It identifies (5) _____ child nutrition and low levels of education across 51 African countries. These were key factors in countries battling to provide children with sufficient food. Researcher Simon Hay said the goal (6) _____ ending childhood malnutrition was always an "aspirational" target. He said: "This aspiration is very, very far away."

    There was some good news in the report. It highlighted the (7) _____ that many African nations, (8) _____ Ghana and Nigeria, have shown signs of improvement in childhood development since the year 2000. However, it is a (9) _____ story for countries like Chad, Central African Republic and Eritrea. The report indicates that malnutrition remained "(10) _____ high" in 14 countries between Senegal in the west and Somalia in the east. Many of these countries have experienced war, famine and (11) _____ migration, all of which have put massive strains on health and agriculture. One researcher said considerable investment was needed (12) _____ health and infrastructure in order to address "serious inequalities".

    Which of these words go in the above text?

    1. (a)     vet     (b)     bet     (c)     let     (d)     set    
    2. (a)     sot     (b)     sat     (c)     site     (d)     set    
    3. (a)     sate     (b)     set     (c)     seat     (d)     settle    
    4. (a)     prosper     (b)     prosperous     (c)     prosperity     (d)     prospers    
    5. (a)     poverty     (b)     poorly     (c)     poor     (d)     pour    
    6. (a)     of     (b)     by     (c)     at     (d)     on    
    7. (a)     true     (b)     fact     (c)     factual     (d)     truly    
    8. (a)     including     (b)     inclusion     (c)     inclusive     (d)     includes    
    9. (a)     differences     (b)     different     (c)     differential     (d)     differentiate    
    10. (a)     puritanical     (b)     perspiration     (c)     persistently     (d)     perspicacious    
    11. (a)     amassing     (b)     amass     (c)     mass     (d)     masses    
    12. (a)     on     (b)     at     (c)     by     (d)     in

    Spelling

    Paragraph 1

    1. ssunabaitel development
    2. ensure ppoisytrre for all
    3. development edaagn
    4. poor child tioutirnn
    5. provide children with uifsicnfet food
    6. This nraoitasip is very, very far away

    Paragraph 2

    1. thihgdgilhe the fact
    2. nltseetyirps high
    3. war, famine and mass naromitgi
    4. put evasmis strains on health
    5. drinlcoasebe investment was needed
    6. address serious iatiniqeuesl

    Put the text back together

    (...)  on health and agriculture. One researcher said considerable investment was
    (...)  levels of education across 51 African countries. These were key factors in countries battling to
    (...)  experienced war, famine and mass migration, all of which have put massive strains
    (...)  needed in health and infrastructure in order to address "serious inequalities".
    (...)  the year 2030. That target was set by the United Nations in 2015 as a Sustainable Development Goal. The UN adopted a set
    (...)  agenda". The new report is published in the journal Nature. It identifies poor child nutrition and low
    (...)  provide children with sufficient food. Researcher Simon Hay said the goal of ending childhood malnutrition was always an
    (...)  "aspirational" target. He said: "This aspiration is very, very far away."
    1  ) A new report shows that no country in Africa will meet goals set to end childhood malnutrition by
    (...)  There was some good news in the report. It highlighted the fact that many African nations, including Ghana
    (...)  for countries like Chad, Central African Republic and Eritrea. The report indicates that malnutrition remained "persistently
    (...)  and Nigeria, have shown signs of improvement in childhood development since the year 2000. However, it is a different story
    (...)  high" in 14 countries between Senegal in the west and Somalia in the east. Many of these countries have
    (...)  of goals, "to end poverty, protect the planet and ensure prosperity for all as part of a new sustainable development

    Put the words in the right order

    1. end   Meet   to   set   goals   childhood   malnutrition   .
    2. across   levels   African   education   51   countries   .   Low   of
    3. provide   to   with   Battling   children   sufficient   food   .
    4. always  was   Ending  aspirational   target  .  childhood  malnutrition  an
    5. away   .   very   is   aspiration   very,   This   far
    6. news   in   There   good   the   was   some   report   .
    7. in   childhood   the   since   Improvement   year  development   2000   .
    8. like   However,   different   a   countries   Chad   .   story   for   is   it
    9. persistently   countries   .   in   Malnutrition   high   remained   14
    10. considerable   investment   said   needed   .   was   researcher   One

    Circle the correct word (20 pairs)

    A new report shows that no country in Africa will meet / greet goals set to end childhood malnutrition by the year 2030. That target was bet / set by the United Nations in 2015 as a Sustainable Development Goal. The UN adopted a set / setting of goals, "to end poverty, protect the plants / planet and ensure prosperity for all as part of anew / a new sustainable development agenda". The new report is publishing / published in the journal Nature. It identifies poor / poorly child nutrition and low levels of education across 51 African countries. These were keyed / key factors in countries battling to provide children with sufficiently / sufficient food. Researcher Simon Hay said the goal of ending / end childhood malnutrition was always an "aspirational" target. He said: "This aspiration is very, very far away."

    There was some good news in the report / reports. It highlighted the fact that many African nations, inclusive / including Ghana and Nigeria, have shown signs / signal of improvement in childhood development since the year 2000. However, it is a different / difference story for countries like Chad, Central African Republic and Eritrea. The report indicating / indicates that malnutrition remained "persistently height / high" in 14 countries between Senegal in the west to / and Somalia in the east. Many of these countries have experienced war, famine and mass / pass migration, all of which have put massive strains on / in health and agriculture. One researcher said considerable investment was needed in health and infrastructure in order to envelope / address "serious inequalities".

    Talk about the connection between each pair of words in italics, and why the correct word is correct.

    Insert the vowels (a, e, i, o, u)

    A   n_w   r_p_r t   s h_w s   t h_t   n_  c__ n t r y  _n   A f r_c_  w_l l   m__ t   g__ l s   s_t   t_ _n d   c h_l d h__ d   m_l n_t r_t__ n   b y   t h_  y__ r   2 0 3 0 .   T h_t   t_r g_t   w_s   s_t   b y   t h_  U n_t_d   N_t__ n s  _n   2 0 1 5  _s  _  S_s t__ n_b l_  D_v_l_p m_n t   G__ l .   T h_  U N  _d_p t_d  _  s_t  _f   g__ l s ,   " t_ _n d   p_v_r t y ,   p r_t_c t   t h_  p l_n_t  _n d  _n s_r_  p r_s p_r_t y   f_r  _l l  _s   p_r t  _f  _  n_w   s_s t__ n_b l_  d_v_l_p m_n t  _g_n d_" .   T h_  n_w   r_p_r t  _s   p_b l_s h_d  _n   t h_  j__ r n_l   N_t_r_.   I t  _d_n t_f__ s   p__ r   c h_l d   n_t r_t__ n  _n d   l_w   l_v_l s  _f  _d_c_t__ n  _c r_s s   5 1   A f r_c_n   c__ n t r__ s .   T h_s_  w_r_  k_y   f_c t_r s  _n   c__ n t r__ s   b_t t l_n g   t_  p r_v_d_  c h_l d r_n   w_t h   s_f f_c__ n t   f__ d .   R_s__ r c h_r   S_m_n   H_y   s__ d   t h_  g__ l  _f  _n d_n g   c h_l d h__ d   m_l n_t r_t__ n   w_s  _l w_y s  _n   "_s p_r_t__ n_l "   t_r g_t .   H_  s__ d :   " T h_s  _s p_r_t__ n  _s   v_r y ,   v_r y   f_r  _w_y . "

    T h_r_  w_s   s_m_  g__ d   n_w s  _n   t h_  r_p_r t .   I t   h_g h l_g h t_d   t h_  f_c t   t h_t   m_n y   A f r_c_n   n_t__ n s ,  _n c l_d_n g   G h_n_ _n d   N_g_r__ ,   h_v_  s h_w n   s_g n s  _f  _m p r_v_m_n t  _n   c h_l d h__ d   d_v_l_p m_n t   s_n c_  t h_  y__ r   2 0 0 0 .   H_w_v_r ,  _t  _s  _  d_f f_r_n t   s t_r y   f_r   c__ n t r__ s   l_k_  C h_d ,   C_n t r_l   A f r_c_n   R_p_b l_c  _n d   E r_t r__ .   T h_  r_p_r t  _n d_c_t_s   t h_t   m_l n_t r_t__ n   r_m__ n_d   " p_r s_s t_n t l y   h_g h '  _n   1 4   c__ n t r__ s   b_t w__ n   S_n_g_l  _n   t h_  w_s t   t_  S_m_l__  _n   t h_ __ s t .   M_n y  _f   t h_s_  c__ n t r__ s   h_v_ _x p_r__ n c_d   w_r ,   f_m_n_ _n d   m_s s   m_g r_t__ n ,  _l l  _f   w h_c h   h_v_  p_t   m_s s_v_  s t r__ n s  _n   h__ l t h  _n d  _g r_c_l t_r_.   O n_  r_s__ r c h_r   s__ d   c_n s_d_r_b l_ _n v_s t m_n t   w_s   n__ d_d  _n   h__ l t h  _n d  _n f r_s t r_c t_r_ _n  _r d_r   t_ _d d r_s s   " s_r___s  _n_q__ l_t__ s " .

    Punctuate the text and add capitals

    a new report shows that no country in africa will meet goals set to end childhood malnutrition by the year 2030 that target was set by the united nations in 2015 as a sustainable development goal the un adopted a set of goals to end poverty protect the planet and ensure prosperity for all as part of a new sustainable development agenda the new report is published in the journal nature it identifies poor child nutrition and low levels of education across 51 african countries these were key factors in countries battling to provide children with sufficient food researcher simon hay said the goal of ending childhood malnutrition was always an aspirational target he said this aspiration is very very far away

    there was some good news in the report it highlighted the fact that many african nations including ghana and nigeria have shown signs of improvement in childhood development since the year 2000 however it is a different story for countries like chad central african republic and eritrea the report indicates that malnutrition remained persistently high in 14 countries between senegal in the west and somalia in the east many of these countries have experienced war famine and mass migration all of which have put massive strains on health and agriculture one researcher said considerable investment was needed in health and infrastructure in order to address serious inequalities

    Put a slash (/) where the spaces are

    AnewreportshowsthatnocountryinAfricawillmeetgoalssettoendchild
    hoodmalnutritionbytheyear2030.ThattargetwassetbytheUnitedNati
    onsin2015asaSustainableDevelopmentGoal.TheUNadoptedasetofg
    oals,"toendpoverty,protecttheplanetandensureprosperityforallaspa
    rtofanewsustainabledevelopmentagenda".Thenewreportispublishe
    dinthejournalNature.Itidentifiespoorchildnutritionandlowlevelsofed
    ucationacross51Africancountries.Thesewerekeyfactorsincountriesb
    attlingtoprovidechildrenwithsufficientfood.ResearcherSimonHaysai
    dthegoalofendingchildhoodmalnutritionwasalwaysan"aspirational"t
    arget.Hesaid:"Thisaspirationisvery,veryfaraway."Therewassomego
    odnewsinthereport.IthighlightedthefactthatmanyAfricannations,inc
    ludingGhanaandNigeria,haveshownsignsofimprovementinchildhoo
    ddevelopmentsincetheyear2000.However,itisadifferentstoryforcou
    ntrieslikeChad,CentralAfricanRepublicandEritrea.Thereportindicate
    sthatmalnutritionremained"persistentlyhigh"in14countriesbetween
    SenegalinthewestandSomaliaintheeast.Manyofthesecountrieshave
    experiencedwar,famineandmassmigration,allofwhichhaveputmassi
    vestrainsonhealthandagriculture.Oneresearchersaidconsiderablein
    vestmentwasneededinhealthandinfrastructureinordertoaddress"se
    riousinequalities".

    Free writing

    Write about malnutrition for 10 minutes. Comment on your partner’s paper.

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    Academic writing

    How can we end child hunger in the world? Discuss three options.

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    Homework

    1. VOCABULARY EXTENSION: Choose several of the words from the text. Use a dictionary or Google's search field (or another search engine) to build up more associations / collocations of each word.
    2. INTERNET: Search the Internet and find out more about this news story. Share what you discover with your partner(s) in the next lesson.
    3. MALNUTRITION: Make a poster about malnutrition. Show your work to your classmates in the next lesson. Did you all have similar things?
    4. HUNGER: Write a magazine article about raising tax worldwide to end child hunger. Include imaginary interviews with people who are for and against this.
    Read what you wrote to your classmates in the next lesson. Write down any new words and expressions you hear from your partner(s).
    5. WHAT HAPPENED NEXT? Write a newspaper article about the next stage in this news story. Read what you wrote to your classmates in the next lesson. Give each other feedback on your articles.
    6. LETTER: Write a letter to an expert on malnutrition. Ask him/her three questions about it. Give him/her three of your ideas on how we can end it. Read your letter to your partner(s) in your next lesson. Your partner(s) will answer your questions.

    Answers

    (Please look at page 26 of the PDF to see a photocopiable example of this activity.)

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